Category Archives: Rankings

What is the capital of the world?

Which city deserves to be the Capital of the world?

If an alien asked you “What is the capital of your planet?”, what would you answer?

Off the top of your head, you would probably consider the following options:

Potential candidates

New York, Washington D.C., London, Montreal, Paris, Berlin, Brussels (capital of the EU), Rome, Bern, Stockholm, Moscow, Istanbul (a bridge between the Western and Muslim worlds), Mumbai , Delhi , Shanghai, Beijing, Tokyo, Sydney, Sao Paulo, Buenos Aires, Santiago, Mexico city, Lagos, Cairo, Alexandria or even Miami (a city that brings Latin and North American cultures together).

What does google say?

Then you would probably google: “What is the capital of the world?” or “What is the capital of the planet Earth?”. The answer would be clear: London, in UK, is the world’s capital.

Historic perspective

In all likelihood, you would take history into consideration, and assume that in ancient times it was Babylon, Athens, Memphis in Ancient Egypt, Rome for the Roman Empire, or Karakorum (the ancient capital of the Mongol Empire), or even Toledo (the capital city of Spain at the height of its empire), Constantinople for the Ottoman empire, or Paris, the city of lights and, for many, the quintessential European city… or even Buenos Aires (which was a rich city in times gone by) and of course London for the British Empire.

Democratic perspective

If you care about fundamental rights and democratic values standards (e.g. fulfilment of human and civil rights, separation of powers, participation processes…), then you could sift through your results and would probably end up choosing an European or North-American city, depending on what you rank higher: social justice or economic freedom.

The language perspective

Needless to say, language is a key factor when deciding on this issue. The most languages represented in the city, the higher it ranks as the capital of the world. The official language of the city is also a key factor. As we saw on “10 most useful languages according to the World Economic Forum“, English is the current international language, and it is very likely that it will continue to be in the foreseeable future. So it is a central element that can’t go unnoticed. The top 10  languages in the world by number of speakers are 1. Mandarin Chinese 2. Spanish 3. English 4. Hindi 5. Arabic 6.French 7. Portuguese 8. Bengali 9. Russian and 10. Indonesian. But as we saw on the aforementioned post, it doesn’t necessarily mean that these are the most influential.

What about New York?

Even though it is not even the capital of the United States, New York is an obvious candidate, because it boasts an important number of international institutions (most notably the United Nations Headquarters and the Center for International Humanitarian Cooperation), Wall Street and so many people from so many different countries live there… The downside is that it is a major city of a superpower and it would be hard to reach a consensus.

What about Paris?

Paris is another obvious candidate. Institutions like the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the International Energy Agency (IEA) have their headquarters in the city of lights. According to the World Economic Forum, French is still one of the most influential languages in the world, specially for diplomacy, and it is, along with Venice, the most romantic city in the world.

What about the capital of a small country?

If you thought outside the box before answering the question, you might consider a city from a small or medium-sized country, since it would be way easier to reach an international consensus (see position 10 in the ranking below). Cities like Brussels, Singapore, Wellington, Lima, Copenhagen, Stockholm, Montevideo, Vienna, Asuncion, Bern, Doha… could be perfect hosts for a hypothetical world government.

This is the capital of the world

Finally, the moment that we were waiting for… (drum roll). With a population of 8,136 million, London is the most cosmopolitan city in the world, a real melting pot of ethnicities, languages and cultures, with English as the official language, home of Amnesty International, the Commonwealth of Nations, the International Maritime Organization, the Bank of England, the Socialist International, HSBC, Barclays, the city where so many world-famous writers set so many novels and stories, one of the world’s capitals of digital media and, to top it off, one of the world’s financial capitals… In a sense, although it’s one of a kind, it is also the bridge between North-America and Europe. Furthermore, it probably builds a robuster consensus than New York or Shanghai. It is a vibrant and dynamic city. As Dr. Samuel Johnson put it ” When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life”.

… But this could change overnight

However, London could lose the first position on the list after Brexit. Very likely, indeed. Many argue that Britain shot itself in the foot and that it will hurt it in many ways and at many levels, though whether Brits will find a way to roll with the punches and finally succeed making a virtue out of necessity, it remains to be seen. What does look pretty obvious is that London — starting with the City — will lose power and influence. Paris, Amsterdam, Frankfurt and Berlin may be the first to profit from this circumstance in the European Union, New York in America, and Shanghai in Asia. So this ranking is subject to changes.

Top 10 candidates

The following cities have been ranked according to a number of items, such as population, influence in diplomacy and politics, economy and finance, history, current and future prospects, democratic standards, degree of consensus on their candidacy, international institutions headquarters, historical factors, environmental awareness, geostrategic situation, languages represented, influence of its official language, state of development of the IT industry… among 30 other factors.

  1. London
  2. New York
  3. Paris
  4. Shanghai
  5. Berlin
  6. Mexico city
  7. Tokyo
  8. Moscow
  9. Seoul
  10. The capital of a small country (Brussels, Singapore, Wellington, Copenhaguen, Montevideo, Vienna, Asuncion, Bern, Doha…)

So give your two cents! What do you think should be the capital of the world?

More rankings

(See also “Most expensive and cheapest cities in Europe“; “Most expensive and cheapest countries in Europe” and “Most useful languages according to the World Economic Forum“).

Top Ten Cryptocurrencies 2019

Top 10 cryptocurrencies 2019

ranking criptomonedas criptodivisas monedas digitales monedas virtuales

The best cryptocurrencies · 2019 Ranking

Here are what I consider the 10 best cryptocurrencies in 2019 and most probably in the following years. I wrote earlier about Dash, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, IOTA, Blockchain technology and how to buy cryptocurrencies on this blog. There are currently  over 1400 cryptocurrencies, and sifting through them is not plain sailing, so this post will be regularly updated.

If you have reached this post, you may be wondering which is the best cryptocurrency to invest in, so I decided to offer a ranking for all those who are thinking of betting on the most fashionable currencies. First of all, I must say that I do not recommend investing more than 5% of your income, since the fluctuations in these markets are as usual as unexpected. My second advice is not to go crazy about the ups and downs and try to focus on the mid and long run. The crypto market is swings and roundabouts, so don’t panic. Keep calm and don’t invest more than 5% of your income. And finally, I would recommend to bet a little on the two big fishes (Bitcoin and Ethereum) and diversify the rest in other promising currencies. So you better don’t put all your eggs in one basket.

As I see it, there is an unwritten rule, a historical constant which proves over and over again that the most advanced technology always ends up winning out over the obselete one. Blockchain technology on which these cryptos are based is way more advanced and efficient than the old-fashioned fiat money, which could become obsolete in the next decade. Stranger things have happened.

Criteria

ranking criptomonedas

Criteria applied in this ranking

Criteria: I personally attach great importance to the project offering some innovation, some added value —you can find out about it by reading the white paper—. However,  the size of the cryptocurrency’s community, the money supply —so that you can weight up whether a given cryptocurrency is attractive for mining or not—, the team of developers behind and their dedication to the project —full or partial—, its country of origin, the exchanges in which it is quoted, whether it is little or very decentralized and, of course, its price-performance ratio so far…. are all good benchmarks when it comes to evaluate and compare them.

Cryptocurrencies by market capitalisation

By market capitalization, that is to say, by the price of the cryptocurrency multiplied by the number of coins in circulation, it is obvious that Bitcoin is still ahead of the curve, without any other coin shadowing it. Ether (Ethereum’s cryptocurrency) is back in the second position,  and Ripple is third, Bitcoin Cash features in fourth position, Litecoin (5th), EOS (6th) and Binance coin (7th). In fact, the second largest group would comprise all the other altcoins except Bitcoin and Ether. Market capitalization  also indicates the assets available for the purchase and active sale of cryptocurrencies in exchanges.

  1. Bitcoin Bitcoin, with a market capitalization of around $142,520,106,909
  2. Ethereum Ethereum, with a market capitalization of around $26,643,966,096
  3. XRP XRP, with a market capitalization of around   $17,649,693,244
  4. Bitcoin Cash Bitcoin Cash, with a market capitalization of around   $7,071,407,437
  5. Litecoin Litecoin, with a market capitalization of around   $6,569,571,432
  6. EOS EOS, with a market capitalization of around   $6,285,351,420
  7. Binance Coin Binance Coin, with a market capitalization of around  $4,429,651,223
  8. Bitcoin SV Bitcoin SV, with a market capitalization of around  $4,127,066,751
  9. Tether Tether, with a market capitalization of around  $3,127,671,181
  10. Stellar Stellar, with a market capitalization of around  $2,429,528,729

BEST CRYPTOS

tot 10 criptomonedas

Starting with the most consolidated cryptos and ending with the not so famous but very promising ones (for a number of reasons):

criptomonedas

Ether (ETH)

#1 It is my favorite due to the technology Ethereum it is based on. For many —including myself — it is the most robust and innovative platform of the blockchain technology. It still seems to have a lot of room for growth. Within the crypto currencies it is one of the safest bets and the blockchain that offers the most applications with its smart contracts. Giants like Microsoft and JP Morgan are already using Ethereum technology. The most visible reference of Ethereum is Vitalik Buterin, its co-founder. Even though Ripple overtook it by the end of 2017 in terms of market capitalization, if both Ether and Bitcoin are the reference for all other currencies, it is for a reason. Not for nothing, you need ETH or BTC to buy other altcoins. You can buy Ether, Bitcoin or Litecoin on coinbase or Binance. Just click on the links.

Ether coin
ETH Currency, SIlver Collectible

Bitcoin (BTC) 

#2 The early birtd catches the worm. It is the oldest and most widespread crytocurrency in the world. It was the first to use the revolutionary blockchain technology. For this  very reason, its price is so high that you’d rather be cautious. It seems to be evolving towards a virtual gold value deposit, so people prefer to keep it rather than to use it to sell and buy goods and services. The fact that you need  BTC to buy other altcoins in many exchanges, makes it even stronger. You can buy Ether, Bitcoin or Litecoin on coinbase or Binance. Just click on the links.

Bitcoin Moneda
Bitcoin

bitcoin cash

Bitcoin cash (BCH) 

#3 One might say it’s an evolution of BTC. The fact that Bitcoin has a limit on the size of the block restricted to 1Mb, implies a high processing time in the transactions, so the fork of the cryptocurrency was created taking the 478558 as the last block of the bitcoin. The new coin would generate its own blocks from this string  but with a much larger size (up to 8Mb). You can buy Bitcoin Cash on coinbase or Binance. Just click on the links.

mejores monedas digitales

Ripple (XRP)

#4 It is becoming a modern classic. Last year it reached second position ahead of Ether in market capitalization for a few months. That was due to the agreement of several Japanese and South Korean banks to use it. Although some see it as a betrayal to the blockchain principles, it is designed to work within the current transactions bank system. They also convinced several companies to adopt its technology. It is a cryptocurrency based on free software that pursues the development of a credit system on a peer to peer basis. Ripple nodes make up a local exchange system, so that the whole system works as a decentralized mutual bank. How to buy ripple? You can do it on coinbase or Binance. Just click on the links.

moneda virtual

Litecoin (LTC)

#5 It was the first crypto based on Scrypt, and it is a major bet on Coinbase, the first exchange house of the world. The size of its blocks and number of transactions is much larger compared to Bitcoin. Moreover, the fact that it does not need very sophisticated equipment to mine, favours  its decentralisation. You can buy Ether, Bitcoin or Litecoin on  coinbase or Binance. Just click on the links.

iotacoin

Iota (MIOTA)

#6 Its white paper really blew my mind. A different coin. It is not based on Blockchain, but on DAG (Direct Acyclic Graph) technology; there are no commissions, no miners (you validate each transactions on your own), confirmation times are fast and the number of transactions that the system can handle simultaneously is unlimited. It is specially focused on the internet of things. Some say it is the next generation of decentralized currency. It is very surprising and different from what I have seen so far. In fact,  I see it as a very interesting bet in the mid and long term. Iota was founded in 2015 by David Sønstebø, Sergey Ivancheglo, Dominik Schiener, and Dr. Sergei Popov. If you want to buy IOTA you can do it on Binance.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Cardano.png

Cardano (ADA)

#7 Lo and behold! Here is a blockchain (Cardano) and a third-generation crypto (ADA) quite attractive investment.  Its visible leader is Charles Hoskinson, former Ethereum CEO, who has assembled a team of renowned experts in the world of cryptocurrencies.  Cardano is a decentralized platform that will allow programmable value transfers in a secure and scalable way —both horizontally and vertically—. Cardano is one of the first blockchains based on the Haskell high security programming language. Its currency is called ADA. Cardano aims to solve 3 problems: sclabilidad —how many transactions per second the platform can perform—, sustainability —which has to do with the resources and energy used for its operation— and interpolarity —which has to do with the compatibility between different chains of blocks.

While Bitcoin uses Proof of Work to create new blocks, Cardano resorts to  Proof of Stake. You can buy ADA (the cardano crypto) on Binance.

criptomonedas

Monero  (XMR)

#8 It is the open source crypto currency that offers the most protection and privacy, which is why it has often been linked to illicit operations. But as Sissela Bok put it: “While all deception requires secrecy, all secrecy is not meant to deceive”. Either way,  it is one of those currencies that makes a difference with its added value. Created in April 2014, it focuses on privacy, decentralization, as well as scalability. Unlike many cryptocurrencies derived from Bitcoin, Monero is based on the CryptoNote protocol and — without going into technicalities — features an algorithm that makes blockchain obscuration possible.  Monero benefits from continued support from its community. You can get it on Kraken or Binance.

pascalcoin

Pascalcoin (PASC)

#9 It is certainly one of my favourites.  Based on an innovative idea in the crypto environment, Pacalcoin is pioneering a new level of scalability adapted for adoption on a global scale. It was the first cryptocurrency to break the barrier of 100 transactions per second. Pay close attention to its amazing Safebox, an unparalleled tecnology that makes the blockchain way lighter. If you want to learn more about Pascalcoin, visit Pascalcoin, an awesome crypto with a bright future. You can buy Pascalcoin on Poloniex.

qtum

Quantum (QAU)

#10 Here is a cryptocurrency of Chinese origin that incorporates a significant added value, which is the reason why it has attracted many investors. It advocates “transparency” and “good governance”. With the support of the Chinese government, it looks like it is going to be listed on coinone.  Qtum’s proposal is to execute smart contracts on the blockchain in an easy, user friendly way. As Leonardo da Vinci put it, “simplicity is the ultimate sophistication”. The team behind published its technical whitepaper —which, by the way, not all cryptocurrency projects have done—, and is committed to creating a globally influential open source community by cooperating with other blockchain communities, third-party developers, as well as betting on technical innovations. You can purchase Quantums on Binance.

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Honourable mentions

No ranking would be complete without mentioning some other cryptos that deserve to feature among the best ones due to its added value, the team behind or its novelty. So here they are!

moneda digital

Dash (DASH)

Probably somewhat underestimated, it seems to have a great potential as a bargaining chip, since it has a simple interface and transactions are almost instantaneous. It is totally anonymous —transactions made with Dash are not recorded.  Along with Monero, this is an interesting crypto for those looking for more privacy. You can buy Dash on Binance.

criptomoneda

Iconomi (ICN)

It is a Cryptocurrency of Slovenian origin.  It is a different project in that it is the first to distribute dividends among the holders of its token, so you can earn in two ways: 1. having Iconomi and 2. with the periodic distribution of dividends (by the way, it is paid in Ethereums). It will probably work in a similar way as an investment fund does. For all that, it is a project that stands out from the crowd. You can buy Iconomis on Binance.

mejores criptodivisas

Tron (TRX)

Based on the Ethereum blockchain, it offers full user control. It has been listed on the YoBit exchange house and integrated in Gifto (a protocol focused on virtual gifts). Last year it grew over 700%. You can buy Trons on Binance.

criptomonedas

Octanox (OTX)

A new kid on the block…chain. Right now you can only buy it on coinmarketcap, though, as far as I am aware, there is also an imminent agreement with Yobit and some talks going on with Bittrex . It intends to be a decentralized exchange and expand to other sectors such as mobile games. Surprisingly enough, an Indonesian group bought a lot of OTX from the ICO (Initial Currency Offering). To be honest, this currency has me a little out of place. We’ll have to wait and see what direction the wind winds. Yes, the cryptocurrencies market is swings and roundabouts, but I’d recommend you keep an eye on Octanox It may cause quite a stir in the near future. You can buy Octanox on Binance.

criptomodena

Maidsafe (MAID)

A crypto currency that, as bold as brass, aims to change the Internet from its same structure, putting an end to the monopoly of data —and of our information— by big corporations. So far, Maidsafe has gone unnoticed. Its goal is very ambitious, maybe it wants to bite off more than it can chew.  Anyway, just moving further in this direction, would be an awesome breakthrough.

crytoccurency

Lisk (LSK)

They have reached an agreement with Microsoft and their initial offer drew a lot of attention and investment. At the moment, it seems that the evolution of its  price is falling short of the expectations raised, but we’ll have to be on the ball sincedeep pockets are backing it. You can buy Lisk on Binance.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Binance-coin.png

Binance coin

It is a surprisingly consistent utility token, which means its value comes from how useful it is (and how much demand there is for its utility) within the Binance ecosystem. Brendan Eich, the founder, helped create Javascript and is a co-founder of Mozilla Firefox. You can get Binance coin on Binance.

 

A Proof-of-Work (PoW)  protocol is a measure to deter denial of service attacks and other service abuses such as spam on a network by requiring some work from the service requester, typically processing time by a computer.

Proof of Stake (PoS) means that a person can extract or validate block transactions based on how many coins they have, i.e., the more cryptocurrencies a miner has, the more power they have.

*****

Marcel Solé · Financial translator, trainer and Blockchain enthusiast

I hope you found this post interesting.

Thanks!

Top 10 “Weirdest” words in the world

World’s Weirdest words

“Very strange and unusual, unexpected, or not natural”… This is the definition that the Cambridge Dictionary provides for Weird. It goes without saying that I could have  given this post a different title: “Top rarest words”, or “Unusual words”,  or even “Most wonderful words in the world”, since some of them strike me as little works of art. Be that as it may, the following words feature among the most curious, odd, original or funny ones in the world.  The reasons why I have ranked them among the top 10 are varied: from its meaning and its sonority to the way they were formed and its originality. You will also find some honorable mentions at the end of this post. I’m sure you know more interesting words in other languages worthy of featuring in this post, so please feel free to share them in the comments box below.

weird words

Chutzpah (חֻצְפָּה)

Language: Yiddish. Incorporated into English language.
Phonetic transcription: (/ˈhʊtspə, ˈxʊt-/)
Origin/Etymology: It derives from the Hebrew word ḥutspâ (חֻצְפָּה)
Meaning: to be extremely cheeky, impertinent beyound belief.

Chichinabo

Language: Spanish (Spain)
Phonetic transcription: ͡ʧ i ͡ʧ i n a β̞ o (AFI)
Origin/Etymology: from De chicha (spirits) and nabo (turnip)
Meaning: third-rate, valueless, inferior, very poor quality. The word turnip usually has sexual connotations in Spanish. Even in Spanish, It sounds funny and playful.

karoshi

karoshi (過労死)

Language: Japanese
Phonetic transcription: /kaˈrəʊʃi/
Origin/Etymology:  from 過労 (karō, “overwork”) + 死 (shi, “death”).
Meaning: death caused by overwork or job-related exhaustion.

weird words

Schadenfreude

Language: German
Phonetic transcription:  /ˈʃɑːdənfrɔɪdə/
Origin/Etymology: from Schaden, “damage, harm”, and Freude, “joy”.
Meaning: taking delight in the misfortune of others

Sgiomlaireachd

Sgiomlaireachd

Language: Scottish_Gaelic
Phonetic transcription: /ˈskʲimiɫəɾʲəxk/
Alternative form: sgimilearachd
Origin/Etymology: sgimilear (intruder) + -achd
Meaning: the habit of dropping in at mealtimes. To drop in means call informally and briefly as a visitor.

weirdiest words

(to) Ape

Language: English
Phonetic transcription: /eɪp/
Origin/Etymology: From Middle English ape, from Old English apa (“ape, monkey”), from Proto-Germanic *apô (“monkey, ape”),
Meaning: to imitate or mimic, particularly to imitate poorly. (v., transitive)

Arachibutyrophobia

Language: English
Origin/Etymology: from Latin arachis (“peanut”) + butyrum (“butter”) +‎ -phobia.
Meaning: to have a morbid fear of peanut butter sticking to the roof of your mouth

Pana Po´o

Pana Po´o

Language: Hawaiian
Meaning: to scratch one’s head while trying to remember something.

Mamporrero

Language: Spanish
Phonetic transcription: m ã m p o r e ɾ o (AFI)
Origin/Etymology: from mamporro (a blow) + ero (suffix)
Meaning: Person who helps horses when breeding, by placing the colt’s member into the mare’s pudenda.

Schuld

Schuld

Language: German
Phonetic transcription: /ʃʊlt/
Origin/Etymology: from Old High German sculd, from Proto-Germanic skuldiz.
Meaning: Schuld means debt, but, fancy that! It is also a synonym for guilt.

+10 Honorable mentions

Needless to say, there are thousands of weird or curious words which deserve to feature in this ranking. The following are just a few examples. Again, feel free to contribute with any word you deem weird, curious or interesting:

TARTLE (Scottish Gaelic): that moment before you introduce someone and you suddenly forget their name.

DÉPAYSANT (French) the feeling you get when you’re in a new place and experiencing very new things that make you feel foreign, like a fish out of water.

KERFUFFLE (British English): to make a fuss or a bother, usually when people have different points of view.

TOCAYO (Spanish) A person who shares your first name.

TSUNDOKU (Japanese): it really means a book only intended to put it on the shelf and never read it

CAFUNÉ (Brazilian Portuguese): delicately running one’s fingers through someone’s hair

CAPICUA (Catalan). Literally “head-and-tail”: number, word, phrase, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward as forward. Spanish borrowed the Catalan word, so “capicúa” (with an accent) is also a Spanish word.

FLÂNER (French):  to wander with no particular destination

MENCOLEK (indonesian): the act of tapping someone on the shoulder to fool them into thinking someone is on the other side

HULLABALLOO (English) loud noises and yelling that people make when they’re angry.



Most Expensive and Cheapest Countries in Europe

Most Expensive and Cheapest Countries in Europe

Which are the most affordable countries in Europe? Which are the most expensive ones? In this post I am going to analyze such issues using a number of sources  and items (see below) that  can help solve this conundrum.  We saw earlier which are the most expensive and cheapest cities in Europe. Today I am going to focus on each country as a whole. The main parameters used to list the countries in this ranking are GDP per capita, place in the UN Human Development Index, the Big Mac Index, the price of the shopping basket in each country compared to the European average, the price of 1 Kg of rice (as representative of staple food) and then, within each country, you can even check the most expensive and cheapest cities.  As we all know, everything is relative (e.g., the market basket in a given country may be more expensive but taxes may be lower), but I think it can offer an overview of the current state of affairs.

While it is true that living standards tend to be lower in Eastern European countries, they are also generally cheaper, or more affordable, if you like, for tourists, expats or people teleworking online (such as freelance translators, copywriters, writers or graphic designers) for, say, western companies or agencies.  Portugal, Latvia and Bulgaria feature among the cheapest countries regarding income tax for self-employed or freelancers.On the other hand, Scandinavian countries are considered to be expensive  and have high taxes, but they also rank among the countries with the highest living standards not only in Europe, but in the whole world. They are undoubtedly an example of good governance for others to follow.

Today I won’t go into qualitative aspects, since many would argue —not without reason— that weather conditions, the nutritional quality of local food, the social fabric, the quality of social services, gender-equality policies, even the so-called Happiness Index… are key elements for a good quality of life. I fully share this view, but it is a different kettle of fish.

Below the list of the cheapest countries you can find a description of the main concepts and benchmarks I have used to draw up the ranking as well as the sources consulted.

Most expensive countries in Europe

suiza-pais-mas-caro-de-europa

Most expensive countries in Europe (starting with the most expensive one)

Switzerland

cost of living in Switzerland

Population: 8,544,034
Currency: Swiss Franc
GDP per capita: 80,590 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 3
Big Mac Index: 6.59
Cost of the market basket: 163% of the European average
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 2.52 USD
Most expensive cities in Switzerland: Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Lausanne and Bern
Cheapest cities in Switzerland:Neuchatel, Aarau and St. Gallen
Taxes in Switzerland
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Average
Income tax: Low
VAT rate: low

Norway

Cost of Living in Norway

Population: 5,312,343
Currency: Norwegian Krone
GDP per capita: 74,940 USD (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 1
Big Mac Index: 5.51
Cost of the market basket: 137% of the European average
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 2.98 USD
Most expensive cities in Norway:
Cheapest cities in Norway: Bodo and Kristiansand
Taxes in Norway
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: High
Income tax: High
VAT rate: High

Iceland

Iceland

Grocery shopping prices in Iceland

Youtube channel: Iceland with a view

Population: 350,710
Currency: Icelandic Krona
GDP per capita: 70,332 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 16
Big Mac Index: ——
Cost of the market basket: 125% of the European average
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 3.47 USD
Most expensive cities in Iceland: Reykjavik
Cheapest cities in Iceland: —
Taxes in Iceland
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Average
Income tax: Average
VAT rate: High

Denmark

Slovakia most expensive and cheapest countries in Europe
most expensive and cheapest countries in Europe

Population: 5,745,547
Currency: Danish Krone
GDP per capita: 56,444 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 4
Big Mac Index: 4.44
Cost of the market basket: 137% of the European average
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 2.05 USD
Most expensive cities in Denmark: Silkeborg and Copenhaguen
Cheapest cities in Denmark: Horsens, Odense and Vejle

Taxes in Denmark
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Average
Income tax: High
VAT rate: High

Luxembourg

ranking most expensive and cheapest countries in Europe
Cost of living in Europe

Population: 602,000
Currency: Euro
GDP per capita: 105,803 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 19
Big Mac Index: —
Cost of the market basket: 119% of the European average
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 2.05 USD
Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 19
Most expensive cities in Luxembourg: Luxemburgo
Cheapest cities in Luxembourg : —-
Taxes in Luxembourg
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Average
Income tax: High
VAT rate: Low

United Kingdom 

cost of living in the UK, England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland

Population: 66,040,229
Currency: Pound sterling
GDP per capita: 39,734 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 14
Big Mac Index: 3,94
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 1.70 USD
Most expensive cities in the UK: London, Oxford, Portsmouth, Aberdeen and Bristol
Cheapest cities in the UK: Sheffield, Sunderland y Dundee
Cost of the market basket: 131% of the European average
Taxes in UK
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Average
Income tax: High
VAT rate: Average

Finland

ranking most expensive and cheapest countries in Finland
most expensive and cheapest countries in Europe

Population: 5,517,887
Currency: Euro
GDP per capita: 46,016 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 24
Big Mac Index: 5.06
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 2.20 USD
Most expensive cities in Finland: Helsinki and Tampere
Cheapest cities in Finland: Lapeenranta, Kuopio
Cost of the market basket: 120% of the European average
Taxes in Finland
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: High
Income tax: Average
VAT rate: High

Belgium

cost of living in Belgium
countries ranking

Population: 11,469,204
Currency: Euro
GDP per capita: 43,582 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 21
Big Mac Index: 4.35
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 1.74 USD
Most expensive cities in Belgium:Mons, Bruselas and Namur<
Cheapest cities in Belgium: Leuven and Liege
Cost of the market basket: 107% of the European average
Taxes in Belgium
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: High
Income tax: High
VAT rate: Average

Netherlands

most expensive and cheapest countries in the Netherlands
European Union

Population: 17,254,086
Currency: Euro
GDP per capita: 48,345 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 5
Big Mac Index: 3.8
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 1.62 USD
Most expensive cities in the Netherlands: Zwolle and Amsterdam
Cheapest cities in the Netherlands: Groningen and Enschede
Cost of the market basket: 109% of the European average
Taxes in the Netherlands (Holland)
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: High
Income tax: High
VAT rate: Low

France

cost of living in France
EU most expensive and cheapest countries in Europe

Population: 67,297,000
Currency: Euro
GDP per capita: 39,869 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 22
Big Mac Index: 4.51
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 1.90 USD
Most expensive cities in France: Perigueux, Paris, Lyon and Toulouse
Cheapest cities in France: Saint-Étienne, Montpellie, Marseilles and Perpignan
Cost of the market basket: 105% of the European average
Taxes in France
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: High
Income tax: High
VAT rate: Average
id=”Map_of_sovereign_states_in_Europe_by_2017_GDP_nominal_per_capita_based_on_USD_exchange_rate” class=”mw-headline”>GDP nominal per capita based on USD exchange rate

map Europe GDP per capita

Cheapest countries in Europe

most expensive and cheapest countries Moldavia cost of living in Moldavia

Cheapest countries in Europe (starting with the cheapest one):

Moldavia/ Moldova

Moldavia cheapest cities cost of living in Moldavia

Population: 3,564,000
Currency: Moldovan leu
GDP per capita: 2,279 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 107
Big Mac Index: 1.75
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 0.95 USD
Most expensive cities in Moldavia: Tiraspol
Cheapest cities in Moldavia: Chișinău
Cost of the market basket: 40% of the European average

Ukraine

cost of living in Ukraine

Population: 42,895,704
Currency: Hryvnia
GDP per capita: 2,582 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 81
Big Mac Index: 1.57
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 0.99 USD
Most expensive cities in Ukraine: Kiev, Lutsk, Lviv, Kirovoghrad, Dnipro and Kharkiv
Cheapest cities in Ukraine: Simferopol and Zaporizhzhya
Cost of the market basket: 45% of the European average
Taxes in Ukraine
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Low
Income tax: Low
VAT rate: Average

Macedonia

Cost of living in Macedonia

Population: 2,075,301
Currency: Macedonian Denar
GDP per capita: 5,474 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 81
Big Mac Index: 1.90
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 1.26 USD
Most expensive cities in Macedonia: Veles
Cheapest cities in Macedonia: Prilep, Ohrib
Cost of the market basket: 48% of the European average
Taxes in Macedonia
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Low
Income tax: Average
VAT rate: Low

Serbia

cost of living in Serbia

Population: 7,040,272
Currency: Serbian Dinar
GDP per capita: 5,899 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 66
Big Mac Index: 2.08
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 1.08 USD
Most expensive cities in Serbia: Belgrade, Valjevo
Cheapest cities in Serbia: Zrenjanin, Nis
Cost of the market basket: 49% of the European average
Taxes in Serbia
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Low
Income tax: High
VAT rate: Average

Albania

cost of living in Albania

Population: 2,887,000
Currency: Albanian Lek
GDP per capita: 4,582 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 85
Big Mac Index: —–
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 1.08 USD
Most expensive cities in Albania: Korçë
Cheapest cities in Albania:Tirana, Vlorë and Elbasam
Cost of the market basket: 47% of the European average
Taxes in Albania
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Low
Income tax: Average
VAT rate: Average

Bosnia and herzegovina

cost of living in Bosnia

Population: 3,750,000
Currency: Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible Mark
GDP per capita: 5,148 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 86
Big Mac Index: ——
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 1.23 USD
Most expensive cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Zenica
Cheapest cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bihac
Cost of the market basket: 51% of the European average
Taxes in Bosnia and herzegovina
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Low
Income tax: Low
VAT rate: Low

Romania

cost of living in Romania
European ranking countries

Population: 19,622,000
Currency: Leu
GDP per capita: 12,523 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 5
Big Mac Index: —-
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 1.04 USD
Most expensive cities in Romania: Focșani, Bucarest
Cheapest cities in Romania: Târgu Mureș
Cost of the market basket: 52% of the European average
Taxes in Romania
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Low
Income tax: Average
VAT rate: Low

Bulgaria

cost of living in Bulgaria
Europe ranking list countries

Population: 7,050,034
Currency: Lev
GDP per capita: 8,064 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 59
Big Mac Index: 1,88
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 1.22 USD
Most expensive cities in Bulgaria:Pleven
Cheapest cities in Bulgaria: Burgas
Cost of the market basket: 47% of the European average
Taxes in Bulgaria
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Low
Income tax: Low
VAT rate: Average

Poland

cost of living in Poland
paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Population: 38,433,600
Currency: Zloty
GDP per capita: 13,822 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 36
Big Mac Index: 2.42
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 0.82 USD
Most expensive cities in Poland: Warsaw, Kraków and Bielsko-Biala
Cheapest cities in Poland:Rzeszów, Radom and Gorzów Wielkopolski
Cost of the market basket: 55% of the European average
Taxes in Poland
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Average
Income tax: Average
VAT rate: High

Belarus

cost of living in Belarus

Population: 9,452,113
Currency: Belarusian Ruble
GDP per capita: 5,760 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 50
Big Mac Index: —–
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 0.95 USD
Most expensive cities in Belarus: Minsk
Cheapest cities in Belarus: Maladzyechna
Cost of the market basket: —
Taxes in Belarus
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Average
Income tax: Low
VAT rate: High

Montenegro

cost of living in Montenegro

Population: 642,550
Currency: Euro
GDP per capita: 7,647 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 49
Big Mac Index: —-
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 1.25 USD
Most expensive cities in Montenegro: Budva
Cheapest cities in  Montenegro: Podgorica
Cost of the market basket: 55% of the European average
Taxes in Montenegro
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Low
Income tax: Low
VAT rate: Low

Hungary

cost of living in Hungary
paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Population: 9,771,000
Currency: Forint
GDP per capita: 15,531 (GDP nominal per capita – current international dollar)
Place in the UNDP Human Development Index: 44
Big Mac Index: 2.71
Price of rice (white, 1 kg): 01.06 USD
Most expensive cities in Hungary : Budapest, Szombathely y Györ
Cheapest cities in Hungary: Kaposvár, Szolnok y Kecskemét
Cost of the market basket: 57% of the European average
Taxes in Hungary
Since taxation is subject to changes, only an indicative level is given
Corporate tax: Low
Income tax: Average
VAT rate: High
***

Top 10 European countries by GDP 2019

  1. Germany
  2. United Kingdom
  3. France
  4. Italy
  5. Russia
  6. Spain
  7. Netherlands
  8. Switzerland
  9. Sweden
  10. Poland

Source: International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook

Top 10 European countries by GDP per capita 2019

  1. Luxembourg
  2. Ireland
  3. Norway
  4. Switzerland
  5. Netherlands
  6. Iceland
  7. Germany
  8. Denmark
  9. Sweden

Source: International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook

Best European countries for self-employed workers or freelancers

Denmark

You can easily and swiftly register online as a self-employed worker. You don’t have to pay a monthly fee. Income tax ranges from 25% to 50% depending on the type of self-employed worker. Besides, you can benefit from one of the best welfare states in the world, which includes a wide range of social benefits and access to free education.

United Kingdom

If your income is less than £600 (7031€), you are free from the obligation to contribute. If you exceed this amount you pay a percentage depending on your profits. There is no such thing as a minimum capital to register a Limited Liability Company, in case you want to start up your own business.

Germany

Self-employed workers have to pay a compulsory health insurance. If your turnover is ≥ 1,700€ net per month, you must pay a 140€ monthly fee. Those who are under 30 years old and those who make less than 1,700€ don’t need to pay VAT. The downside is that if you want to start up your own company, it is not cheap (you need to pay 25,000€)

Portugal

In Portugal, self-employed workers don’t have to pay a monthly fee. They are not obliged to pay VAT either. It is one of the best countries to be a self-employed worker in Europe.

France

Even though you don’t pay anything during your first year as a self-worker, you are entitled to health care, pension contributions and temporary disability. After the first year, there is a scale stipulating how much a freelancer must pay depending on its income and  work activity. There is no minimum capital required to register a Limited Liability Company.

👕 European Countries T-shirts 👕

Here is a collection of some t-shirts representing European countries. Some of them are amazing and some of them really fun! Click on the shirt or the description below for further details. This section will be regularly updated with new t-shirts.

👕 European Union EU T-shirts

👕 Europe and World map t-shirts

World map t-shirt
World Map Europe t-shirt. Click here!

👕 Germany t-shirts

👕 France t-shirts

👕 UK t-shirts

👕 Italy t-shirt

👕 Spain t-shirt

👕 Russia t-shirt

👕 Poland t-shirt

👕 Sweden t-shirt

👕 Switzerland t-shirt

👕 Norway t-shirt

👕 Portugal t-shirt

👕 Iceland t-shirt

👕 Denmark t-shirt

👕 Luxembourg t-shirt

👕 Finland t-shirt

👕 Belgium t-shirt

👕 Netherlands t-shirt

👕 Greece t-shirts

👕 Ireland t-shirts

👕 Romania t-shirt

👕 Chech Republic t-shirt

👕 Slovakia t-shirt

👕 Croatia t-shirt

👕 Moldavia t-shirt

👕 Ukraine t-shirt

👕 Bulgaria t-shirt

👕 Belarus t-shirt

👕 Serbia t-shirt

👕 Albania t-shirt

👕 Montenegro t-shirt

👕 North Macedonia t-shirt

👕 Bosnia and Herzegovina t-shirt

👕 Austria t-shirt

👕 Hungary t-shirt

👕 Kosovo t-shirt

👕 Slovenia t-shirt

👕 Malta t-shirt

👕 Estonia t-shirt

👕 Latvia t-shirt

👕 Lithuania t-shirt

👕 Cyprus t-shirt

👕 Vatican city t-shirt

👕 Andorra t-shirt

👕 Isle of Man t-shirt

👕 San Marino

Explanation of the parameters used in this ranking

Most expensive and cheapest countries in Europe Cost of living in Europe
In red: most expensive countries    In blue: cheapest countries
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GDP per capita is a measure that divides the country’s gross domestic product (its economic output) by its total population.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite index of life expectancy, educational standards, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

Big Mac Index: The Big Mac Index, published by The Economist magazine, althought not perfect, is useful to measure the purchasing power parity (PPP) between countries and currencies. It uses the price of the famous hamburger as a benchmark. It somehow replaces the shopping basket with the famous hamburger.

Market basket: In an economic sense, a market basket is a permanent set of goods and services that are bought and sold as staples in a functional economy.  So it is is a fixed list of items, in given proportions, used specifically to track the progress of inflation in an economy.

I picked one kilo of white rice among  all the products which are representative of the cost of living because it is a minimally-processed staple food, so there is no need for a large number of productive factors as, for instance, a car.

Sources: Eurostat, Forbes, The Economist, statista.com, preciosmundo.com, Expatistan, bigmacindex.org, Numbeo.com

See also:

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10 most “useful” languages according to the World Economic Forum

Most useful languages

First of all, it is important to highlight the difference between the most spoken languages in the world and those more likely to provide career and job opportunities, since the economic and strategic weight of a language depends on many factors, not only on how many people speak it.

Top 10 languages in the world by number of native speakers

* The top 10  languages in the world by number of speakers are: 1. Mandarin Chinese 2. Spanish 3. English 4. Hindi 5. Arabic 6.French 7. Portuguese 8. Bengali 9. Russian and 10. Indonesian.

The Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) prepared by the World Economic Forum (WEF) establishes , among other things, the link between the Power Language Index (PLI) and the competitiveness of a country or region.

From a merely utilitarian viewpoint, today we’ll have a look at the most “useful” or, if you like, “profitable” languages in terms of job prospects and future income that they may yield.

Needless to say, there are a number of reasons why you may want to study a language, many of them even more important than the working future or economic return. Of course, we all have our personal goals and preferences. Nonetheless, in this post I’m going to focus on the most practical side.

Not surprisingly, as Latin language or French did before , the English language takes the lead (see the ranking below) as the world’s lingua franca. But… Who knows? If current growth trends continue, Spanish may well take first place within the next decades, since, as it seems, Mandarin Chinese has proved too difficult to learn for non-native speakers. In the current scenario, though, the truth is that four out of the ten more competitive economies in the world have English as an official language and, except for Japan, the other listed countries have an acceptable level of English.

10 most competitive economies

The most competitive economies, according to the World Economic Forum are: 1. United States, 2. China 3. Japan 4. Germany 5. United Kingdom 6. France 7. India 8. Italy 9. Brazil and 10.  Canada.

The EU paradox

languages EU

An important fact which we should not neglect is that, after Brexit, even though English is co-official in Ireland and Malta and it is an official language of the EU, no European country will be represented by English as  its official language in the Community institutions and bodies —the language representing Ireland in the EU is Irish Gaelic. Taking into account that the European Union —where French and German seem to play a major role— is one of the three world’s biggest economies (according to some specialists, the first one in many aspects), Brexit might change the balance of power in the Old Continent,  at least as far as languages are concerned.

RANKING OF THE MOST USEFUL LANGUAGES IN THE WORLD

According to the Power Language Index (PLI) produced by the World Economic Forum, the 10 most useful languages in terms of competitiveness are:

Language Score Native (MM) Geography Communication Media Diplomacy
1 English 0,89 446 1 1 1 1
2 Mandarin 0,44 960 6 2 3 6
3 French 0,34 80 2 5 5 1
4 Spanish 0,33 470 3 3 7 3
5 Arabic 0,27 295 4 6 18 4
6 Russian 0,24 150 5 10 9 5
7 German 0,19 92,5 8 7 4 8
8 Japanese 0,13 125 27 22 6 7
9 Portuguese 0,12 215 7 13 12 9
10 Hindi 0,12 310 14 8 2 10

The Power Language Index (PLI) uses 20 indicators to measure the influence on language, such as number of speakers, geographical coverage, the percentage of world GDP it accounts for, or cultural influence (notably through the diplomatic and media use).

Not without reason, some would argue that the commercial significance of a language depends strongly on where you are (e.g. if you are in Australia, German may be virtually useless from a business perspective, but Japanese will be central, as they are a major trading partner), or that Spanish is now more powerful than French and has much better prospects as a language on a global basis. Anyway, when you take a closer look at the benchmark, you realise that Spanish is hard on its heels. Be that as it may, these are the conclusions drawn by the WEF.

 

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Top Ten Criptomonedas

Top Ten criptomonedas 2018

ranking criptomonedas criptodivisas monedas digitales monedas virtuales

Las mejores criptomonedas · Ranking criptodivisas 2018

Éste es mi top 10 de las criptomonedas más prometedoras para este 2018 y seguramente los próximos años. En este blog ya hablamos de Dash, Bitcoin, EthereumLitecoinIOTA, la tecnología Blockchain y cómo abrir una cuenta de Bitcoins, Ethereum o Litecoin… Incluso hicimos un simulacro de “cuánto dinero tendrías hoy si el año pasado hubieras cobrado en bitcoins o ethers” no apto para l@s propens@s a ataques de ira :-). Actualmente existen más de 1400 criptodivisas, y no es fácil hacer una criba, por lo que este post se actualizará periódicamente.

Supongo que muchas veces te preguntas en qué moneda invertir, por lo que no podía faltar un ránking para tod@s aquell@s que estáis pensando en apostar un poco por las divisas de moda. Antes que nada, decir que yo no recomiendo invertir más de un 5% de tus ingresos, ya que las fluctuaciones en estos mercados son constantes, si bien es verdad que, en conjunto, están subiendo mucho. Mi segundo consejo es no volverse loc@ con las subidas y las bajadas, e intentar pensar a medio-largo plazo. Y finalmente, recomendaría poner algo en los dos grandes gigantes (Bitcoin y Ethereum) y diversificar el resto en otras monedas prometedoras.

Mi reflexión es que existe una regla no escrita, una constante histórica que dice que la tecnología más avanzada siempre se acaba imponiendo. Y la tecnología blockchain en que se basan es mucho más avanzada que el anticuado dinero fiat, que podría quedar obsoleto en las próxima década. Torres más altas han caído.

 

B079JQQDWKB078NP8CMR B079K1SL25

B07B7KXXZPB07B9GS33MB079MGNWR8

Criterios

ranking criptomonedas

¿Qué criterios he seguido para hacer la clasificación?

Criterios: Personalmente doy una gran importancia a que el proyecto ofrezca alguna innovación, algún valor añadido (ello muchas veces se puede ver leyendo detenidamente el white paper); pero no deja de ser muy indicativo el tamaño de su comunidad, la cantidad de moneda disponible (para saber si la moneda es atractiva desde el punto de vista de la minería o no), el equipo de desarrolladores y su dedicación al proyecto (¿completa o parcial?),  su procedencia,  los exchanges en los que cotiza, si está poco o muy descentralizada y, por supuesto, la evolución que ha tenido su cotización hasta la fecha.

Criptomonedas por capitalización de mercado

2 de febrero 2018 > Por capitalización de mercado, es decir, por el precio de la criptomoneda multiplicado por el número de monedas en circulación, vemos que Bitcoin sigue manteniéndose en primer lugar, sin que nadie le haga sombra. En la segunda posición ha habido una sorpresa, pues Ripple ha desbancado —al menos momentáneamente— a la todopoderosa Ether, que ahora ocupa la tercera posición, seguida de Bitcoin Cash (4ª), Cardano (5ª, otra sorpresa), Litecoin (6ª), IOTA (7ª) y NEM (8ª). De hecho, el segundo grupo más grande lo conformarían todas las demás altcoins, entre las cuales puede que se encuentre más de una perita en dulce. La capitalización de mercado nos indica el patrimonio disponible para la compra y venta activa de criptodivisas en los exchanges.

cryptocurrencies market cap 2018

RANKING

tot 10 criptomonedas

Empezando por las más afianzadas y terminando por las no tan famosas pero muy prometedoras por ciertos aspectos:

criptomonedas

Ether (ETH)

#1 Mi preferida por la tecnología más avanzada en la que se basa Ethereum. Para muchos -entre los que me cuento- es la plataforma más sólida e innovadora del ecosistema de las criptomonedas y la tecnología blockchain. Parece que aún tiene mucho margen de crecimiento. Dentro de las criptomonedas es tal vez la apuesta más sólida y el blockchain que ofrece más aplicaciones con sus smart contracts o contratos inteligentes. Gigantes como Microsoft y JP Morgan ya están utilizando la tecnología Ethereum. La cara más visible de Ethereum es Vitalik Buterin, su cofundador. Por mucho que Ripple la haya avanzado a finales de 2017 en capitalización de mercado, si tanto Ether como Bitcoin sirven de referencia para todas las demás divisas, es por algo. No en balde, necesitas ETH o BTC para comprar otras altcoins. Puedes adquirir Ether, Bitcoin o Litecoin en coinbase.

Ether coin
Moneda ETH, Plata y Dorado Coleccionistas

Bitcoin (BTC) 

#2 Quien da primero da dos veces. Es la criptodivisa más veterana y más extendida del mundo. La primera que utilizó la revolucionaria tecnología blockchain. Por estos mismos motivos, su cotización está tan por las nubes que más vale ser un poco prudente. Parece que evoluciona más hacia un depósito de valor tipo oro virtual, por lo que la gente prefiere guardarla a utilizarla. Además, necesitas ETH o BTC para comprar otras altcoins en los exchanges. Puedes adquirir Ether, Bitcoin o Litecoin en coinbase.

Bitcoin Moneda
Bitcoin Moneda Coleccionistas

Aprenda cómo usar Bitcoin (Curso online)

Aprenda cómo usar Bitcoin (Curso online)

bitcoin cash

Bitcoin cash (BCH) 

#3 Podría decirse que es una evolución de BTC. El hecho de que Bitcoin tenga un límite en el tamaño de bloque restringido a 1Mb, implica un tiempo elevado de procesamiento en las transacciones, por lo que se creó el fork de la criptomoneda tomando el 478558 como último bloque del bitcoin. A partir de esta cadena la nueva moneda generaría sus propios bloques pero con un tamaño muy superior (de hasta 8Mb).​ Se espera que en enero Coinbase también ofrezca BitcoinCash. Dentro de muy poco podrás comprar Bitcoin Cash (BCH) en Coinbase. De momento se puede comprar en otros exchanges.

 

ganar bitcoins

mejores monedas digitales

Ripple (XRP)

#4 Una de las grandes revelaciones. Se ha puesto recientemente en segunda posición por delante de Ether en capitalización de mercado. Ello se debe al acuerdo de varios bancos japoneses y surcoreanos para su utilización. Además, es una cripto bastante pensada para funcionar aprovechando el actual sistema de transacciones. También han hecho un buen trabajo convenciendo a varias empresas para la adopción de su tecnología. Es una criptodivisa basada en  software libre que persigue el desarrollo de un sistema de crédito basado en el paradigma de peer to peer. Los nodos de Ripple funcionan como un sistema de cambio local, de modo que todo el sistema forma un banco mutualista descentralizado. ¿Cómo comprar ripple? Pues puedes comprar Ripples en exchanges como Binance. Ten en cuenta que necesitarás comprarlos con ETH o BTC.

moneda virtual

Litecoin (LTC)

#5 Fuela primera criptomoneda basada en Scrypt, y es una apuesta importante de Coinbase, la primera casa de cambio a nivel mundial. La verdad es que parece que puede convertirse en la moneda de cambio digital por excelencia. El tamaño de sus bloques y número de transacciones es mucho mayor comparado con Bitcoin. Además, el hecho de que no precise equipos muy sofisticados para minarla juega a favor de su descentralización. Puedes adquirir Ether, Bitcoin o Litecoin en coinbase.

Litecoin moneda coleccionistas

iotacoin

Iota (MIOTA)

#6 Fascinance. Una moneda diferente a todas las demás. No se basa en Blockchain, sino en la tecnología DAG (Direct Acyclic Graph), no hay comisiones, ni mineros (uno mismo valida las transacciones de los demás), los tiempos de confirmación son rápidos y el número de transacciones que el sistema puede manejar simultáneamente es ilimitado. Muy enfocada a la internet de las cosas. Algunos afirman que es la siguiente generación de moneda descentralizada. Muy sorprendente y diferente a todo lo que he visto. Su ascenso se hace esperar, pero yo la veo como una muy buena opción a medio-largo plazo. Iota fue fundada en 2015 por David Sønstebø, Sergey Ivancheglo, Dominik Schiener, y el Dr. Serguei Popov. ¿Cómo comprar IOTA? Pues puedes comprar Iotas en exchanges como Binance.

 

Ada coin

Cardano (ADA)

#7 He aquí un blockchain (Cardano) y una criptomoneda (ADA) de tercera generación muy interesante para la inversión a medio-largo plazo.  Su cabeza visible es Charles Hoskinson, antiguo director ejecutivo de Ethereum, que ha reunido un equipo de reputados expertos en el mundo de las criptodivisas.  Cardano es una plataforma descentralizada que permitirá transferencias de valor programables de un modo seguro y escalable (tanto horizontal como verticalmente). Cardano es uno de los primeros blockchains que se basa en el lenguaje de programación de alta seguridad Haskell. Su moneda se llama ADA, cuya cotización  se ha disparado recientemente. Cardano quiere solucionar 3 problemas: esclabilidad (cuántas transacciones por segundo puede hacer la plataforma), sostenibilidad (que tiene que ver con los recursos y energía utilizadaos para su funcionamiento) e interpolaridad (que tiene que ver con la compatibilidad entre diferentes cadenas de bloques).

Mientras que Bitcoin utiliza la demostración de trabajo (Proof of work) para la creación de nuevos bloques, Cardano hace uso de la demostración de participación (Proof of Stake). Puedes comprar ADA (la cripto de cardano) en Binance.

 

criptomonedas

Monero  (XMR)

#8 Es la criptomoneda de código abierto que ofrece más protección y privacidad, razón por la cual la han relacionado a menudo con operaciones ilícitas. Pero es una de esas monedas que ofrece una diferencia, un valor añadido. Creada en abril de 2014, se orienta a la privacidad, la descentralización, así como a la escalabilidad . A diferencia de muchas criptomonedas derivadas de Bitcoin, Monero está basada en el protocolo CryptoNote y -sin entrar en tecnicismos- cuenta con una diferencia importante en el algoritmo relacionan con el oscurecimiento de blockchain.  Monero tiene el beneficio del apoyo continuo de su comunidad.  Se puede comprar en Kraken. Puedes comprar Moneros en el exchange Binance.

Monero guide · Guía Monero

ganar bitcoins

qtum

Quantum (QAU)

#9 He aquí una criptomoneda de origen chino que también incorpora un importante valor añadido, motivo por el cual ha atraído a muchos inversores. Aboga por la transparencia y la gobernanza. Con apoyo del gobierno chino, parece que va a figurar en coinone.  La propuesta de Qtum es hacer de los contratos inteligentes ejecutados en la blockchain una herramienta de diseño y usabilidad más fácil. Y lo sencillo triunfa. Ha publicado su whitepaper técnico (cosa que no han hecho muchas criptomonedas), y se compromete a crear una comunidad de código abierto globalmente influyente mediante la cooperación con otras comunidades blockchain, desarrolladores de terceras partes, así como apostar por  innovaciones técnicas. Puedes adquirir Quantums en el exchange Binance.

criptomonedas

Octanox (OTX)

#10 Bastante nueva. Ahora mismo sólo se puede comprar en coinmarketcap, aunque también tiene un acuerdo con Yobit y se habla de que podría entrar en Bittrex . Pretende ser un exchange descentralizado y ampliarse a otros sectores  (como los juegos para móvil). Un grupo indonesio compró mucha cantidad de OTX en la ICO (Initial Currency Offering – Oferta Inicial de divisa). Reconozco que esta moneda me tiene un poco descolocado. Habrá que esperar a ver por dónde van los tiros, pero es una a tener en cuenta por los motivos antes esgrimidos.

BTC, LTC, ETH Miners

Otras criptodivisas a tener en cuenta…

moneda digital

 Dash (DASH)

Quizás la gran infravalorada. Pero parece que también tiene un gran potencial como moneda de cambio, ya que tiene una interfaz simple y las transacciones son casi instantáneas. Es totalmente anónima (no constan las transacciones que se hacen con Dash).  A parte de Monero, ésta es una criptodivisa interesante para aquellos que buscan más privacidad. Puedes comprar Dash en Binance.

Ledger Nano S criptodivisa hardware cartera. La forma más fácil y segura para guardar, enviar y recibir sus criptomonedas – su clave privada nunca está expuesta.

criptomoneda

Iconomi (ICN)

Moneda de origen esloveno.  Es un proyecto diferente en el sentido que es la primera que va a dar dividendos a los tenedores de su token, por lo que puedes ganar de dos modos: 1. teniendo Iconomi y 2. con la repartición periódica de dividendos (pagados en Ethereums). Parece que funcionará un poco como un fondo de inversión. Por todo esto es un proyecto que se diferencia de los demás. Puedes comprar Iconomis en el exchange Binance.

 

mejores criptodivisas

Tron (TRX)

Basada en el blockchain de Ethereum, ofrece total control por parte del usuario. Ha sido listada en la casa de cambio YoBit e integrada en Gifto (protocolo enfocado a los regalos virtuales). Últimamente ha crecido más de un 700%. Puedes comprar Trons en Binance.

pascalcoin

Pascalcoin (PASC)

Otra moneda prometedora a la que habrá que seguir la pista de muy cerca es Pascalcoin. Basada en una innovadora idea en el mundo de las criptos, Pacalcoin es pionera en un nuevo nivel de escalabiliad adaptada para la adopción a escala global. Ha sido la primera criptodivisa en romper la barrera de las 100 transacciones por segundo. Puedes conseguir Pascalcoins en Binance.

Proz webinar

criptomodena

Maidsafe (MAID)

Una criptomoneda que, ni nada más ni nada menos, pretende cambiar internet desde su estructura, poniendo fin al monopolio de datos (y de nuestra información) por parte de las grandes corporaciones. Hasta hace poco una gran desconocida. El objetivo es muy ambiciosos, pero sólo que consigan un poco en este sentido, sería bastante impresionante.

crytoccurency

Lisk (LSK)

Tiene acuerdos con Microsoft y en su oferta inicial captó mucha inversión. De momento parece que la evolución de su cotización no está a la altura de las expectativas generadas, pero habrá que estar al loro ya que, con todo, tiene intereses poderosos que la respaldan. Puedes adquirir Lisks en Binance.

criptomoneda

B3 Coin 

Es, al igual que Dash, una proof of stake*. Protagonizó una subida espectacular en el mes de enero del 2018. Según afirman, su objetivo es crear la prueba de participación más rentable en el mundo Crypto. Tendremos que seguirle la pista.

Proof of Stake (PoS) o Prueba de Participación significa que una persona puede extraer o validar transacciones en bloque según cuántas monedas tenga, es decir, que cuantas más criptomonedas posea un minero, más poder tiene.

*****

Marcel Solé · Financial translator, trainer and Blockchain enthusiast

Deseo que este post haya sido de tu interés. Si deseas hacer una aportación, te lo agradezco :-). Aquí tienes mi QR de Bitcoins:

¡Gracias!

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Los 10 Idiomas más “útiles”

Los idiomas más útiles según el Foro Económico Mundial

Una cosa es los idiomas más hablados en el mundo* y otra cuáles resultan más útiles para abrirse puertas en el terreno profesional.

*Los idiomas más hablados en el mundo son, por orden: 1. Chino mandarín 2. Español 3. Inglés 4. Hindi 5. Árabe 6.Francés 7. Portugués 8. Bengalí 9. Ruso y 10. Indonesio.

El Índice de Competitividad Internacional del Foro Económico Mundial estipula, entre otras cosas, la relación que existe entre el Índice de Utilidad de Idiomas y la competitividad de un país o región.

Desde un punto de vista meramente utilitarista, hoy veremos los idiomas más “provechosos” en términos de ingresos futuros que pueden reportar y de perspectivas laborales.

Huelga decir que existen varias razones para estudiar un idioma, muchas de las cuales más importantes que lo que te va a rendir en términos monetarios y laborales.  Pero aquí, hoy, nos fijamos en su vertiente más “práctica”.

Idiomas con más demanda en el mercado laboral
Idiomas más demandados para trabajar

El inglés, needless to say, se lleva la palma como el más útil (ver clasificación más abajo); pues como lo fuera antes el latín y después el francés, es actualmente la lingua franca a nivel global. ¿Quién sabe si en un futuro será el español?

 

idiomas más demandados
Idiomas con más demanda

Pero las cosas como son: 4 de las 10 economías más competitivas del mundo tienen el inglés como idioma oficial y, a excepción de Japón, las otras 6, tienen un dominio aceptable de este idioma.

RANKING DE LOS IDIOMAS MÁS ÚTILES

Según el Índice de Competitividad Internacional del Foro Económico Mundial, los 10 idiomas más útiles en términos de competitividad son:

Idioma Marcador Hablantes nativos (en millones)
1 Inglés 0,89 446
2 Mandarín 0,44 960
3 Francés 0,34 80
4 Español 0,33 470
5 Árabe 0,27 295
6 Ruso 0,24 150
7 Alemán 0,19 92,5
8 Japonés 0,13 125
9 Portugués 0,12 215
10 Hindi 0,12 310

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Según el marcador, vemos que el inglés es el doble de “útil” que el chino mandarín, y prácticamente el triple de útil que el francés o el español.

idiomas más importantes

El Índice de Utilidad de Idiomas utiliza 20 indicadores para medir la influencia de una lengua, tales como el número de hablantes, la implantación geográfica, el tanto por ciento del PIB mundial que representan, los medios de comunicación o la diplomacia.

Idiomas más demandados para trabajar

También es importante señalar que, en función del sector, y al margen del inglés, hay idiomas especialmente valiosos, como por ejemplo el alemán en finanzas, sector farmacéutico e ingeniería mecánica y eléctrica, el francés en el sector económico-financiero y farmacéutico, o el japonés en el sector tecnológico. En el pequeño comercio o retail, el conocimiento del idioma ruso, japonés, árabe o chino es muy valorado. Asimismo, en el sector de la importación y la exportación, el chino mandarín resulta de lo más conveniente. El hecho de que los nativos del país tengan un nivel bajo de inglés (por ejemplo en Japón, en China o en Rusia), te da más valor añadido si aprendes su idioma.

En países como China, aquellos estudiantes que, a parte del inglés (cuyo conocimiento cada vez se da más por sentado a nivel académico), aprenden un segundo idioma extranjero (ya sea japonés, alemán, español, francés…) son muy apreciados y en seguida cuentan con más ventajas en el mercado laboral.

Idiomas más demandados
Idiomas más útiles

En España cada vez se valora más el conocimiento de una segunda lengua después del inglés (siendo los idiomas más demandados para trabajar el alemán y el francés). Es evidente que el conocimiento de una segunda lengua extranjera es un factor determinante para conseguir buenos  puestos de trabajo (sobre todo en cargos altos e intermedios).

El español es, ahora mismo, la primera lengua extranjera de estudio en los Estados Unidos, y su relevancia no para de crecer al mismo tiempo que la del francés decrece. Además, EE.UU. se ha convertido en el segundo país en hablantes de español con 57 millones, por delante de España (47 millones) y sólo por detrás de México (122 millones). La comunidad hispana de EUA está adquiriendo cada vez más parcelas de poder e influencia, con importantes medios de comunicación y empresas en varios sectores, hecho que puede disparar su importancia a nivel global.

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Idiomas más demandados para trabajar. Idiomas con más demanda.




Students of Spanish as a Second Language Worldwide

Students of Spanish as a Second Language Worldwide

Estudiantes de español como segundo idioma en el mundo

This post is written in English and Spanish · Esta publicación está escrita en inglés y español

Spanish is the second foreign language most in demand in Europe and the first one in the United States of America and has over 20 million students throughout the world. Demand for Spanish is soaring and  it is moving to take the place of French in Europe as a second foreign language after English .

El español es la segunda lengua extranjera con más demanda en Europa y la primera en los Estados Unidos de América y cuenta con más de 20 millones de estudiantes en todo el mundo. La demanda para estudiar español se dispara y está cerca de ocupar el puesto del Francés en Europa como segunda lengua de estudio después del inglés.


teacher-iconATENCIÓN PROFESORES: AL FINAL DE ESTE POST PODRÉIS ENCONTRAR VARIAS OFERTAS PARA AUXILIARES DE CONVERSACIÓN Y OFERTAS DE TRABAJO PARA PROFESORES DE ESPAÑOL EN VARIOS PAÍSES

This table shows the approximate number of students of Spanish worldwide, sorted by country and by type of formal education (for those countries where data are available):

Esta clasificación muestra el número aproximado de estudiantes de español en el mundo, ordenada por país y por el tipo de educación reglada (de los países en los que se dispone de datos)

 Country Primary school, secondary school and vocational training  Higher Education  Other  Total
País Enseñanza primaria, secundaria y formación profesional Enseñanza superior Otro Total
Total (106 countries)

Total (106 países)

: : : 21.252.789
United States · Estados Unidos 4.058.000 790.756 : 7.820.000
Brazil · Brasil 4.467.698 : : 6.120.000
France· Francia 2.583.598 : 6.119 2.589.717
Italy · Italia 684.345 : 2.807 687.152
Germany · Alemania 543.833 6.108 4.482 554.423
Benin · Benín : : : 412.515
Ivory Coast · Costa de Marfil : : : 341.073
Sweden · Suecia 200.276 4.503 11.854 216.633
Senegal : : : 205.000
Gabon · Gabón : : : 167.410
Spain · España : : : 130.000
Equatorial Guinea · Guinea Ecuatorial : : : 128.895
Portugal 121.691 4.850 : 126.541
Canada · Canadá : : : 92.853
Morocco · Marruecos 70.793 2.692 8.700 82.185
Norway · Noruega 59.058 23.064 : 82.122
Poland · Polonia 59.878 17.600 : 77.478
Cameroon · Camerún : : : 63.560
Japan · Japón : : : 60.000
Netherlands· Holanda 24.200 16.000 15.232 55.432
Austria 37.292 6.082 5.983 49.357
Belgium · Bélgica 13.367 7.484 25.537 46.388
Ireland · Irlanda 41.126 : 2.185 43.311
Bulgaria 17.969 23.705 : 41.674
Denmark · Dinamarca : : : 39.501
New Zealand · Nueva Zelanda 39.337 : : 39.337
Tunisia · Túnez 35.425 1.369 : 36.794
Czech Republic · República Checa 27.259 8.317 : 35.576
the Phillippines · Filipinas 10.100 14.000 9.500 33.600
China 8.874 22.280 : 31.154

Source: Instituto Cervantes  ·   Fuente: Instituto Cervantes

Spanish speaking countries in the world Spanish as a second language

spanish-as-a-first-or-second-language-spanish-language-worldwide

Idioma oficial o cooficial                          +Estudiantes activos de Español



Spanish language in the USA

Spanish is currently and by far the most widely taught language in US colleges and universities with 53% of the total number of people enrolled, followed by French (14.4%), German (7.1%), Italian (4.5), Japanese (3.7%), and Mandarin Chinese (2.4%). 

A curious fact is that the United States is now the world’s second largest Spanish-speaking country after Mexico, so it now has more Spanish speakers (around 50 million) than Spain itself (around 47 million).
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Source: Newsy

El español en los Estados Unidos

El español es actualmente y de lejos el idioma más estudiado en la educación secundaria y superior con un 53% del total de alumnos matriculados, seguido del francés (14,4%), el alemán (7,1%), el italiano (4,5%), el japonés (3,7%) y el chino mandarín (2,4%)

Un dato curioso es que los Estados Unidos es ahora el segundo país en número de hablantes de español después de México, por lo que ahora tiene más hablantes de español (unos 50 millones) que España misma (unos 47 millones).

US map United States map

Most commonly learned foreign languages in the United States

Idiomas extranjeros más estudiados en los EEUU

Language       Idioma
1 Spanish   Español
2 French   Francés
3 German   Alemán
4 Italian   Italiano
5 Japanese   Japonés
6 Chinese   Chino
7 Latin   Latín
8 Russian   Ruso
9 Arabic   Árabe
10 Ancient Greek   Griego antiguo

Sources: Instituto Cervantes, Forbes

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Ofertas 2017-2018 para Auxiliares de conversación en el extranjero

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Ofertas de empleo para Profesores de Español en el extranjero

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Resources for teachers and students of Spanish

Recursos para profesores y alumnos de español

The Diplomas of Spanish as a Foreign Language (DELE), issued by the Instituto Cervantes on behalf of the Spanish Ministry for Education, Social Policies and Sport, are official qualifications proving different levels of competence in the Spanish language.

Los diplomas de español DELE son títulos oficiales que acreditan el grado de competencia y dominio del idioma español. Los otorga el Instituto Cervantes en nombre del Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte de España.

These are the recommended books by Instituto Cervantes:

Estos son los libros recomendados por el Instituto Cervantes:

      

   

    

    

  

   

… And the following are interesting books for teachers of Spanish as a foreign language:

…Y estos son interesantes para profesores de español como lengua extranjera:

   

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Most expensive and cheapest cities in Europe

Most expensive and cheapest cities in Europe

Cost of living in different European cities

most expensive and cheapest cities in Europe Berlin most expensive and cheapest cities in Europe Barcelonamost expensive and cheapest cities in Europe Rome  most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-europe-londonmost-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-europe-parismost-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-europe-brussels

This ranking may come in handy for those who are considering the possibility of moving to a European city, and particularly for those professionals working online, such as freelance translators, designers, web developers… It will give you at least a good indication of which city could yield more for your income. Needless to say, it is not the same to earn $1000 in Oslo as it is in Krákow.

Below you can see the city ranking ―ranging from the most expensive to the least ― so that you can get an idea of where your income can yield more, or where you will enjoy more purchase power with the same amount of money. I have also included some interesting resources that hopefully will prove useful in your research.

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-europe
Paris

Living in Europe

In the economic field, there are other crucial considerations, such as the freelancer’s taxes, whether or not the country is a member of the European Union, city taxes. These cannot be underestimated or sidelined, but overall, a reasonably broad picture of how much it costs to live in one of these cities can be drawn. As a rule of thumb, the cost of living increases by 5% as one moves a line up in the ranking and decreases by 5% when moving a line down.

Most expensive and cheapest cities in Europe

Topping the list as the most expensive city in Europe we find Zürich, in Switzerland, with a population of over 400,000. On the other hand, we find Chişinău in Moldavia, with a population over 700,000, at the bottom of the list as the cheapest city on the Old Continent.

However, I do not wish to suggest that the main criterion when choosing a destination should be the economy, since it could be better to live in modest conditions in what you consider to be a wonderful city rather than be well-to-do in a boring or troublesome city. And some might prefer the seriousness and diligence of Central European cities while others might prefer the light and creativity of southern cities.

Interestingly, neither the most expensive city, Zürich, nor the least, Chişinău, are part of the European Union.

Top 10 most expensive cities in Europe

The ten most expensive cities in Europe in decreasing order are Zurich, London, Basel, Lausanne, Bern, Oslo, Reykjavik, Copenhagen, and Stavanger. Not surprisingly, Switzerland is the country with the most cities among the top 10 (Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Lausanne and Bern) and Norway is the country with the second-highest number of cities featured in the top ten.

most-expensive-city-in-europe
Zürich

The total population in Switzerland was estimated at 8.2 million people in 2015 and  Norway’s population was estimated at 5.2 million people, according to the latest census figures.

10 cheapest cities in Europe

Among the 10 cheapest cities in Europe are Chişinău, Minsk, Kiev, Turana, Timisoara, Iaşi, Skopje, Cluj-Napoca, Yekaterinburg and Wrocław (see the list below).

cheapest-city-in-europe
Chişinău

Yes, I know that this is only a rough indication of expense. The German yoghourts you love so much are more expensive in Tirana than in Berlin, or the transport or road tax is cheaper in one city than the other… But if we make a shopping cart with household expenditure (rent, water, electricity, food, transport, leisure…) the outcome is quite accurate. This ranking is based on Eurostat figures, after all.

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-europe-ranking

Ranking of most expensive and cheapest cities in Europe

Without further ado, here is the list, from the most expensive city (Zurich) to the cheapest (Chişinău):

RANKING CITY AND COUNTRY
1 Zürich (Switzerland)
2 Geneva (Switzerland)
3 London (United Kingdom)
4 Basel (Switzerland)
5 Lausanne (Switzerland)
6 Bern (Switzerland)
7 Oslo (Norway)
8 Reykjavik (Iceland)
9 Copenhagen (Denmark)
10 Stavanger (Norway)
11 Amsterdam (Netherlands)
12 Paris (France)
13 Dublin (Ireland)
14 Brighton and Hove (United Kingdom)
15 Stockholm (Sweden)
16 Cambridge (United Kingdom)
17 Luxembourg
18 Helsinki (Finland)
19 The Hague (Netherlands)
20 Glasgow (United Kingdom)
21 Bristol (United Kingdom)
22 Aberdeen (United Kingdom)
23 Düsseldorf (Germany)
24 Gothenburg (Sweden)
25 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
26 Munich (Germany)
27 Cork (Ireland)
28 Hamburg (Germany)
29 Milan (Italy)
30 Birmingham (United Kingdom)
31 Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
32 Brussels (Belgium)
33 Manchester (United Kingdom)
34 Rotterdam (Netherlands)
35 Vienna (Austria)
36 Antwerp (Belgium)
37 Rome (Italy)
38 Leeds (United Kingdom)
39 Berlin (Germany)
40 Nice (France)
41 Lyon (France)
42 Malmo (Sweden)
43 Belfast (United Kingdom)
44 Florence (Italy)
45 Genoa (Italy)
46 Bologna (Italy)
47 Madrid (Spain)
48 Sheffield (United Kingdom)
49 Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain)
50 Toulouse (France)
51 Naples (Italy)
52 Turin (Italy)
53 Pisa (Italy)
54 Catania (Italy)
55 Valletta (Malta)
56 Palermo (Italy)
57 Lisbon (Portugal)
58 Ljubljana (Slovenia)
59 Athens (Greece)
60 Thessaloniki (Greece)
61 Malaga (Spain)
62 Seville (Spain)
63 Split (Croatia)
64 Zagreb – Centar (Croatia)
65 Valencia (Spain)
66 Moscow (Russia)
67 Oporto (Portugal)
68 Zagreb (Croatia)
69 Riga (Latvia)
70 Tallinn (Estonia)
71 Coimbra (Portugal)
72 Bratislava (Slovakia)
73 Prague (Czech Republic)
74 Vilnius (Lithuania)
75 Podgorica (Montenegro)
76 Budapest (Hungary)
77 Warsaw (Poland)
78 Faro (Portugal)
79 Gdańsk (Poland)
80 Belgrade (Serbia)
81 Saint Petersburg (Russia)
82 Kraków (Poland)
83 Bucharest (Romania)
84 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
85 Sofia (Bulgaria)
86 Wrocław (Poland)
87 Yekaterinburg (Russia)
88 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)
89 Skopje (Macedonia)
90 Iasi (Romania)
91 Timisoara (Romania)
92 Tirana (Albania)
93 Kiev (Ukraine)
94 Minsk (Belarus)
95 Chişinău (Moldova)




Most Expensive and cheapest cities in Europe sorted by country

Most Expensive and cheapest cities in Albania

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-albania

Albania is a small country with a population of 2,774,000 and lower prices compared to other European countries. It is not a member State of the European Union. The most expensive city in Albania is Korçë and the cheapest ones, Tirana, Vlore and Elbasam.

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Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Austria

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-austria

With a population of 8 million inhabitants, it is an expensive country for an expat. It is a member State of the European Union. The most expensive city in Austria is Vienna and the “cheapest” is Villach.

Most expensive and cheapest Cheapest in Belarus

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-belarus

Belarus is a country with a low cost of living from a western European expat viewpoint. It is not a Member State of the European Union. The most expensive city in Belarus is Minsk and the most affordable is Maladzyechna.

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Belgium

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-belgium

The most expensive cities in Belgium are Mons, Brussels and Namur. The less expensive, Leuven and Liège. It is a member State of the European Union.

 

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-bosnia

Most expensive city in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Zenica

Cheapest city in Bosnia Herzegovina: Bihać

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Bulgaria

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-bulgaria

It is a member State of the European Union. The most expensive city in Bulgaria is Pleven and the less expensive, Burgas.

Most expensive and Cheapest cities in Cyprus

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-cyprus

Most expensive city in Cyprus: Kyrenia

Cheapest city in Cyprus: Nicosia

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Croatia

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-croatia

It is a member State of the European Union. The most expensive cities in Croatia are Zagreb, Split and Dubrovnik; the cheapest are Slavonski Brod, Pula and Osijek.

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in the Czech Republic

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-inczech-republic

It is a Member State of the European Union. The most expensive cities in the Czech Republic are its capital, Prague and Karlovy Vary;  the cheapest ones are Pardubice and Ostrava.

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Denmark

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-denmark

It is a member State of the European Union. In Denmark, an expensive place for an expat, the most expensive cities are Silkeborg and its capital city Copenhagen; the less expensive ones are Horsens, Odense and Vejle.

Most expensive and cheapest cities in France

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-france

France, along with Germany and the United Kingdom, are outstanding expatriates-receiving countries. With over 66 million inhabitants and a GDP of 2.806 trillion USD, it features as the sixth largest economy in the world. It is a Member State of the European Union.

The most expensive cities in France are Périgueux, Paris, Lyon and Toulouse. The most affordable cities in France are Saint-Etienne, Montpellie, Marseille and Perpignan.

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Germany

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-germany

Germany is a heavyweight not only at European level, but on a global level. With a population of 80,620,000 and a GDP of 3.73 trillion USD, features as the fourth largest economy in the world only after US, China and Japan according to the IMF. It is a member State of the European Union.

The most expensive cities in Germany are Munich, Stuttgart, Frankfurt and Hamburg. The cheapest cities in Germany are Leipzig, Dortmund, Bochum and Kiel.

Most expensive and cheapest cities in Greece

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-greece

It is a Member State of the European Union. With regard to Greece, its most expensive cities are Alexandroupolis, Loaninna, Rhodes (which gives name to the island), Heraklion and Corfu; and the cheapest Greek cities are Katerini, Kalamata and Kavala.

Most expensive and Cheapest cities in Hungary

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-hungary

It is a Member State of the European Union. The most expensive cities in Hungary are Budapest, Szombathely and Györ; the cheapest are Kaposvár, Szolnok and Kecskemét.

Most expensive and Cheapest Cities in the Republic of Ireland

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-ireland

It is a Member State of the European Union. The most expensive city in Ireland is Dublin; and the cheapest ones are Galway and Limerick.

Most expensive and Cheapest Cities in Italy

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-italy

It is an important country within the European Union. With a population of 59,830,000  and a GDP of 2.149 trillion USD, it ranks as the ninth largest economy in the world. It is a Member State of the European Union.

Ranking among the most expensive cities in Italy are Milan, Rome and Salerno. The  cheapest Italian cities are Campobasso, Rovigo and Palermo.
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Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Norway

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-norway

It is not a Member State of the European Union. In Norway, the most expensive cities are its capital city, Oslo, Tromsø and Bergen; the most affordable cities, so to speak, are Bodo and Kristiansand. It is not a member State of the European Union.

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Poland

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-poland

It is a member State of the European Union. The most expensive cities in Poland are Warsaw, Krakow and Bielsko-Biala; and the cheapest ones Rzeszów, Radom and Gorzów Wielkopolski.

Most Expensive and Cheapest Cities in Portugal

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-portugal

It is a Member State of the European Union. The most expensive conurbations in Portugal are Cascais and Evora; the cheapest are Braga and Monsanto

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Russia

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-russia

While it is true that only a part of the Russian territory is within the European continent, I have decided to include this country because of its important geostrategic position. As we know, it is not a member State of the European Union. Its most expensive cities are Moscow, Orsk and St. Petersburg; ranking among the cheapest ones are Barnaul, Taganrog, Kirov and Bryansk. Russia’s GDP: 2.097 trillion USD Population: 143.5 millions.

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Slovakia

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-slovakia

It is a Member State of the European Union. The most expensive cities in Slovakia are Prievidza and its capital city, Bratislava; the cheapest Trnava, Zilina and Presov.

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Slovenia

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-slovenia

Most expensive city: Ljubljana

Cheapest City: Maribor

Most expensive and Cheapest cities in Spain

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-spain

Spain is a member State of the Europen Union with a population of 46,770,000 and a GDP of approximately 1.393 trillion USD and is the fifth largest economy in the EU.

Most expensive cities in Spain

San Sebastián, Vitoria, Barcelona, Madrid. Bilbao, Marbella, Oviedo, Palma de Mallorca, Pamplona and Girona.

Cheapest cities in Spain

Salamanca, Albacete, Badajoz, Huelva, Sevilla, Cadiz, Orense, Cáceres,  Lugo and Palencia

Most expensive and Cheapest Cities in Sweden

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-sweden

It is a member State of the European Union. The most expensive cities in Sweden are Gävle, Karlstad, Stockholm and Helsingborg; and the cheapest Växjö, Umeå and Luleå.




Most Expensive and Cheapest Cities in Switzerland

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-switzerland

With a population of  8,081,000 and a GDP of 685.4 billion USD, Switzerland is a country whose inhabitants enjoy high living standards. Its capital is Bern, and the most populated city is Zurich (with 390,474 inhabitants, while Bern has only 138.410). Maintaining its tradition of neutrality, it isn’t part of the European Union.

You see that Switzerland boasts several of the most expensive cities in Europe. Featuring among the most expensive cities in Switzerland are Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Lausanne and Berne; and, as it were, among the “cheapest” cities in Switzerland are Neuchâtel, Aarau and St. Gallen.

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in the United Kingdom

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-the-united-kingdom-uk

The United Kingdom has historically been an Expat-receiving country. This year, with the Brexit, this condition might change.

The United Kingdom includes England, Wales, Scotland (at least for the moment), Northern Ireland and the overseas territories.

With a population of over 64 million and a GDP of 2.678 trillion USD, it currently ranks as the 5th largest economy in the world, after US, China, Japan and Germany (IMF). This condition may change after Brexit. It remains to be seen.

Ranking among the most expensive cities in the United Kingdom cities are London, Oxford, Portsmouth, Aberdeen and Bristol; and among the cheapest, Kingston upon Hull, Sheffield, Sunderland and Dundee.

Most Expensive and Cheapest cities in Ukraine

most-expensive-and-cheapest-cities-in-ukraine

Ukraine has a high population of 45.490.000. It is not a Member State of the European Union, although there is a significant movement in the country in favour of joining the EU. The most expensive cities in Ukraine are Kiev, Lutsk, Lviv, Kirovoghrad, Dnipro and Kharkiv; and the cheapest ones are Simferopol and Zaporizhia.

This list will be updated with new countries

Sources: Eurostat, The Earth Awaits, Numbeo and Expatistan.

Recommended Links

Living abroad: useful resources

I would like to conclude by recommending four websites which I think will prove useful in your research:

Thank you for reading! I look forward to your comments and questions.



Países más caros y más baratos de Europa

Países más caros y más baratos de Europa

Ya analizamos en un post anterior las ciudades más caras y más baratas de Europa. Pues bien, hoy vamos a ver los países más caros y más baratos de Europa. Me he basado en varias fuentes (ver más abajo) y he indicado en cada país los parámetros que me parecen más representativos para el ranking, como la población, el PIB per cápita, el puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano, el índice Big Mac, el precio de la cesta de la compra respecto a la media europea, el precio de 1 kg de arroz (como representante de artículo de primera necesidad poco procesado) y, dentro de cada país, las ciudades más caras y más baratas. Ya sabemos que todo es relativo, y que en un país la cesta de la compra puede ser más cara pero los impuestos más bajos que en otro, pero me parece que sirve como una buena indicación.

Como es sabido, los países del Este de Europa tienden a ser más baratos, aunque sus condiciones de vida en general sean inferiores a los países occidentales. Lo mismo pasa con los países del norte de Europa, que suelen ser más caros que los del sur pero con unos estándares de estado del bienestar más altos, siendo el paradigma los países escandinavos. Aquí no entro en aspectos no cuantitativos, pues muchos dirán -no sin razón- que el clima y la cocina, entre otros, son aspectos esenciales de una buena calidad de vida.

Tras la lista de países más baratos de Europa encontraréis una descripción de estos conceptos que se han tenido en cuenta así como de las fuentes que se han consultado. Atención: los decimales en euros van separados por un punto y los decimales en dólares van separados por una coma (tal como se hace en los países anglosajones).

Países más caros de Europa

suiza-pais-mas-caro-de-europa

Los países más caros de Europa (empezando por el más caro) son:

  1. Suiza  ciudades más caras y más baratas de Suiza

Población: 8.081.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 84.815,41 USD

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 3

Índice Big Mac: 6.59 

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 163% del precio de la media europea

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 2,22€ (2.52 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Suiza: Zúrich, Ginebra, Basilea, Lausana y Berna

Ciudades más “baratas” de Suiza: Neuchatel, Aarau y St. Gallen

  1. Noruega  coste costo de la vida en Noruega

Población: 5.084.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 100.818,41 USD

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 1

Índice Big Mac: 5.51

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 137% del precio de la media europea

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 2,62€ (2.98 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Noruega: Oslo, Tromso y Bergen

Ciudades más “baratas” de Noruega: Bodo y Kristiansand

  1. Islandia  ranking países más caros y más baratos de Europa

Población: 323.002 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 87.461,19 USD

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 16

Índice Big Mac: ——

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 125% del precio de la media europea

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 3,05€ (3.47 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Islandia: Reykjavik

Ciudades más baratas de Islandia: —

  1. Dinamarca  coste costo de la vida en Eslovaquia paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 5.614.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 59.831,70 USD

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 4

Índice Big Mac: 4.44

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 137% del precio de la media europea

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 1,80€ (2.05 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Dinamarca: Silkeborg y Copenhaguen

Ciudades más “baratas” de Dinamarca: Horsens, Odense y Vejle

  1. Luxemburgo  ranking de los países más caros y más baratos de Europa paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 543.202 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 110.697,03 USD

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 19

Índice Big Mac: — 

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 119% del precio de la media europea

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 1,80€ (2.05 US$)

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 19

Ciudades más caras de Luxemburgo: Luxemburgo

Ciudades más baratas de : —-

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  1. Reino Unido  coste de la vida Reino Unido Inglaterra Escocia Irlanda del Norte Gales

Población: 64.100.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 41.787,47 USD

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 14

Índice Big Mac: 3,94 

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 1,50€ (1.70 US$)

Ciudades más caras del Reino Unido: Londres, Oxford, Portsmouth, Aberdeen y Bristol

Ciudades más baratas del Reino Unido Kingston upon Hull, Sheffield, Sunderland y Dundee

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 131% del precio de la media europea

  1. Finlandia  ranking de los países más caros y más baratos de Europa paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 5.439.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 49.146,65 USD

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 24

Índice Big Mac: 5.06

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 1,93€ (2.20 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Finlandia: Helsinki y Tampere

Ciudades más baratas de Finlandia: Lapeenranta, Kuopio

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 120% del precio de la media europea

  1. Bélgica  coste de la vida en Bélgica paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 8.081.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 46.877,99

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 21

Índice Big Mac: 4.35

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 1,98€ (1.74 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Bégica: Mons, Bruselas y Namur

Ciudades más baratas de Bélgica: Leuven y Liege

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 107% del precio de la media europea

  1. Holanda / Países Bajos  europa países caros y baratos paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 5

Índice Big Mac: 3.8

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 1,98€ (1.62 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Holanda: Zwolle y Amsterdam

Ciudades más baratas de Holanda: Groningen y Enschede

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 109% del precio de la media europea

  1. Francia  coste de la vida en Francia ciudades paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 66.030.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 42.503,41

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 22

Índice Big Mac: 4.51

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 1,67€ (1.90 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Francia:Perigueux, París, Lyon y Tolouse

Ciudades más baratas de Francia: Saint-Étienne, Montpellie, Marsella y Perpignan

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 105% del precio de la media europea

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A modo de referencia, aquí están los datos de España, que ocupa un puesto intermedio en cuanto a precios se refiere.

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España

coste de la vida en España ciudades paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 47.770.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 29.863,18

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 26

Índice Big Mac: 3.85

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 0,90€ (1.07 US$)

Ciudades más caras de España: San Sebastián, Vitoria, Barcelona, Madrid. Bilbao, Marbella, Oviedo, Palma de Mallorca, Pamplona y Girona

Ciudades más baratas de España: Salamanca, Albacete, Badajoz, Huelva, Sevilla, Cadiz, Orense, Cáceres, Lugo y Palencia

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 90% del precio de la media europea

Países más baratos de Europa

moldavia-pais-mas-barato-de-europa

Los países más baratos de Europa (empezando por el más barato) son:

  1. Moldavia  moldavia-paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 107

Índice Big Mac: 1.75 

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 0,84 € (0.95 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Moldavia: Tiraspol

Ciudades más baratas de Moldavia: Chișinău

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 40% del precio de la media europea

  1. Ucrania  coste costo de la vida en Ucrania

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 81

Índice Big Mac: 1.57

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 0,87 € (0.99 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Ucrania: Kiev, Lutsk, Lviv, Kirovoghrad, Dnipro y Kharkiv

Ciudades más baratas de Ucrania: Simferopol y Zaporizhzhya

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 45% del precio de la media europea

  1. Macedonia  países más caros y más baratos de Europa Macedonia

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 81

Índice Big Mac: 1.90

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 1,10 € (1.26 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Macedonia: Veles

Ciudades más baratas de Macedonia: Prilep, Ohrib

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 48% del precio de la media europea

  1. Serbia  serbia-paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 66

Índice Big Mac: 2.08

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 0,95 € (1.08 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Serbia: Belgrado, Valjevo

Ciudades más baratas de Serbia: Zrenjanin, Nis

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 49% del precio de la media europea

  1. Albania  coste costo de la vida en Albania

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 85

Índice Big Mac: —–

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 0,95€ (1.08 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Albania:Korçë

Ciudades más baratas de Albania:Tirana, Vlorë y Elbasam

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 47% del precio de la media europea

  1. Bosnia y Herzegovina  bosnia-y-herzegovina-paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 86

Índice Big Mac: ——

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 1,08€ (1.23 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Bosnia y Herzegovina: Zenica

Ciudades más baratas de Bosnia y Herzegovina: Bihac

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 51% del precio de la media europea

  1. Rumanía  rumania-paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 52

Índice Big Mac: —-

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 0,92€ (1.04 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Rumania: Focșani, Bucarest

Ciudades más baratas de Rumania: Târgu Mureș

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 52% del precio de la media europea

  1. Bulgaria  coste costo de la vida en Bulgaria paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 59

Índice Big Mac: 1,88 

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 1,07€ (1.22 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Bulgaria: Pleven

Ciudades más baratas de Bulgaria: Burgas

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 47% del precio de la media europea

  1. Polonia  coste costo de la vida en Polonia paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 36

Índice Big Mac: 2.42

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 0,72€ (0.82 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Polonia: Varsovia, Cracovia y Bielsko-Biala

Ciudades más baratas de Polonia: Rzeszów, Radom y Gorzów Wielkopolski

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 55% del precio de la media europea

  1. Bielorrusia  coste de la vida en Bielorrusia

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 50

Índice Big Mac: —–

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 0,83€ (0.95 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Bielorrusia: Minsk

Ciudades más baratas de Bielorrusia: Maladzyechna

Precio cesta de la compra: —

  1. Montenegro  montenegro-paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 49

Índice Big Mac: —-

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 1,10€ (1.25 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Montenegro: Budva

Ciudades más baratas de Montenegro: Podgorica

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 55% del precio de la media europea

  1. Hungría  coste costo de la vida en Hungría paises-mas-caros-y-mas-baratos-de-europa

Población: 16.800.000 habitantes

PIB per cápita: 50.793,14

Puesto en el índice de desarrollo humano: 44

Precio Big Mac: 2.71

Precio de 1 kilo de arroz: 0,93€ (1.06 US$)

Ciudades más caras de Hungría : Budapest, Szombathely y Györ

Ciudades más baratas de Hungría: Kaposvár, Szolnok y Kecskemét

Precio cesta de la compra: Un 57% del precio de la media europea

***

Definiciones de los parámetros tenidos en cuenta para la confección de las listas

Países más caros y más baratos de Europa coste de la vida en Europa países europeos
En Rojo: Países más caros En azul: Países más baratos

PIB per cápita: PIB de un país dividido por su población. En inglés es per capita income.

Índice de desarrollo humano (IDH):  indicador del desarrollo humano confeccionado por el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD). Es un indicador social estadístico que se basa en tres parámetros: vida longeva y saludable, educación y nivel de vida digno. En inglés es Human development index. Aunque se puede cuantificar, no es un índice estrictamente económico

Índice Big Mac: El Índice Big Mac es un índice publicado por la revista The Economist y  permite comparar el poder adquisitivo de distintos países donde se vende la hamburguesa Big Mac de McDonald’s. Se escoge la hamburguesa por tratarse de un producto homogeneizado que implica unos mismos procesos independientemente del país. Sirve para determinar el costo de la vida en cada país y si su moneda está sobrevalorada o subvaluada respecto al dólar estadounidense. En inglés es Big Mac Index. Aquí he detallado los precios de un Bic Mac en cada país. Esto puede haber cambiado a causa de la inflación u otros factores. SI es así, por favor, avisadme y lo actualizaré.

Precio de la cesta de la compra: Es el conjunto de bienes y servicios que representa el consumo normal de una familia media. En inglés es shopping basket.

Entre los miles de productos representativos de el coste de la vida he escogido el kilo de arroz por tratarse de un producto básico poco procesado.

Fuentes: Eurostat, Forbes, The Economist, statista.com, preciosmundo.com, Expatistan, bigmacindex.org

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