T-shirts for Translators

Funny T-shirts for translators, interpreters and linguists

Hi guys! Here are some funny t-shirts about translation, language, interpreting and linguistics that I have found so far. So, if you are a a translator, a copywriter, a writer, a language teacher or just a grammar nerd, you will love them! Click on the description below for further details. Have fun!

I Don’t Need Therapy I just need to go to France T-shirt French Proud Pride Funny T-shir. Click here!
Warning Grumpy Old Git Contains Flatulence Bad Language T-shirt – Check it out!
T-Shirt Beer In 45 Different Languages. Click here!
Women Fun T-shirt Russian Inscriptions I Will Only Speak In The Presence Of My Avocado
Sheldon Kryptonian Translator Herren T-Shirt Big Bang Theory Cooper. Click here to find out more!
German Translations Leck Mich Am Arsch T-Shirt Hip Hop. Click here!
BE HAPPY in English and Arabic T-Shirt for translators. Click here!
T-shirts for linguists. Click here! T-shirt

2 Job Offers for Translators (Marketing and Finance) ~ EN, SP, GE

English/Spanish Translator (Marketing)


Overview: As part of the firm’s first in-house translation team, you will be responsible for providing translation services to internal clients across Sales, Service, Research, Content, Marketing, Legal and Compliance, and others. This is an exciting opportunity to join a growing company and support Fisher Investments Europe in our globalisation efforts and communications strategy. You will quickly learn about our business, industry, and writing style as you translate our educational, promotional, and service-oriented content across the markets we operate in. You will be paired up with countries or markets that match your linguistic background and serve as the primary language expert for internal clients across the firm, while playing a pivotal role in our ability to fulfill translation needs.

Click here for further information Source: Indeed

>>>>>>>>>>Go to the course

Financial Translator (German to English)


LingServe is a high-end translation company providing quality translation services to a range of customers, including many blue-chip companies, in Germany and other German-speaking countries. We work exclusively in the German-English language combination.

We are currently looking to recruit a German to English financial translator to work inhouse at our offices in Aldershot on the Hampshire/Surrey borders.

Our ideal candidate would have a number of years’ experience working in the financial sector (banking, accounting, financial services) either in Germany or an English-speaking country, and be looking for a change of career.

Click here for further information Source: Indeed

>>>>>>>>>> Go to the course

Translations with highest rates

Highest paid translations · Updated 2019

This post is an attempt to answer ‚ÄĒand update‚ÄĒ a question I have been asked on countless occasions, namely, Which are the highest paid specialties in the translation and interpreting professions? Without further ado, let’s cut to the chase:

translators training

First of all, it goes without saying that it is essential for a translator to be highly trained in a given field of specialization; and it is highly recommended to train constantly and keep up with updates within such field. Agencies and end clients highly value this trait. Once the translator is feeling confident, it is advisable to start with small translations and from the very beginning get into the habit of creating translation memories (preferably, sorted by companies or clients).

Returning to the issue at hand, although much depends on the type of end clients or agencies ‚ÄĒand the country where they are located‚ÄĒ, the most interesting specialties concerning fees include:

Pharmaceutical Translation: With rates around ‚ā¨0.10, ‚ā¨0.12 or ‚ā¨0.15 /word (approx. $0.18 or ¬£0.14). The interpreters at medical conferences enjoy very good fees, but it is a quite difficult area to access.

translators and interpreters
Pharmaceutical translation

Financial Translation: A senior “in-house” translator working in a large company (e.g., an accounting or asset management agency in Spain), can reach ‚ā¨40,000 (around $50.100 or ¬£38000). If the company is located in Luxembourg, Switzerland, Germany or the UK, it is not unusual to find that a financial translator‚Äôs payroll could reach ‚ā¨80,000 gross (around $100,200 or ¬£75,400). A freelance translator, if working with good agencies or end clients could reach around ‚ā¨50,000 annual gross (around $63,000 or ¬£47,400). There are very interesting “sub-specialties” ‚Äď for example: translating asset management or financial software ‚Äď with rates that can reach ‚ā¨0.20 ($0.25 or ¬£0.19) /word

Interpretation in Foreign Trade: In general fees are high, especially if it involves unusual languages. It all depends on what is considered unusual regarding a given location, for example in Spain a Russian translator of my acquaintance specialized in this area may charge up to ‚ā¨100 (around $125 or ¬£95) / hour.

Software Localization: It is more like a skill, rather than a specialization. It is a skill concerning ICT that every translator can attain. There is no lack of work within the powerful software and video game industry, and a translator on the payroll can earn around 30,000/40,000‚ā¨ ($40,000 or ¬£35,000) a year.

Sotware localization

Sworn translation: Much depends on the language combination and if the source language is legal, notarial or of academic relevance within the country. But the added value provided by the sworn translator is indisputable, who can charge up to ‚ā¨0.20 ($0.25 or ¬£0.19) /word.

–¬†¬†Legal translations: The standard rate for certified translations for¬†Federally Certified Court Interpreter and Expert Witness based in the Southern District of New York is $0.25-$0.27 (¬£0.19-¬£0.20 or 0.21‚ā¨) per word. (Thanks Walter!).

legal translations
Sworn translations

Engineering translations: On one hand it requires a high degree of specialization, on the other hand rates are by no means negligible. Depending on the language pairs, rates can range from 0,12‚ā¨ to 0,18‚ā¨/word (around $0.14 or 0.10¬£-$0.22 or ¬£0.19). There are many specializations within this category, such as aerospace, civil, industrial engineering, robotics…

The rates and fees depend largely on the nature of a company and the country where it is located, but with this post I am trying to highlight some of the highest paid translation specializations. Lastly, this post is open to your contributions. If you want to share your experiences, please do not hesitate to leave a message.

* Figures in Euros and US dollars.

Useful links:

List of translators and interpreters associations

Translations with highest rates:

Spanish version

 Chinese version

By Financial Translator

Top Ten Cryptocurrencies 2019

Top 10 cryptocurrencies 2019

ranking criptomonedas criptodivisas monedas digitales monedas virtuales

The best cryptocurrencies · 2019 Ranking

Here are what I consider the 10 best cryptocurrencies in 2019 and most probably in the following years. I wrote earlier about Dash, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, IOTA, Blockchain technology and how to buy cryptocurrencies on this blog. There are currently  over 1400 cryptocurrencies, and sifting through them is not plain sailing, so this post will be regularly updated.

If you have reached this post, you may be wondering which is the best cryptocurrency to invest in, so I decided to offer a ranking for all those who are thinking of betting on the most fashionable currencies. First of all, I must say that I do not recommend investing more than 5% of your income, since the fluctuations in these markets are as usual as unexpected. My second advice is not to go crazy about the ups and downs and try to focus on the mid and long run. The crypto market is swings and roundabouts, so don’t panic. Keep calm and don’t invest more than 5% of your income. And finally, I would recommend to bet a little on the two big fishes (Bitcoin and Ethereum) and diversify the rest in other promising currencies. So you better don’t put all your eggs in one basket.

As I see it, there is an unwritten rule, a historical constant which proves over and over again that the most advanced technology always ends up winning out over the obselete one. Blockchain technology on which these cryptos are based is way more advanced and efficient than the old-fashioned fiat money, which could become obsolete in the next decade. Stranger things have happened.


ranking criptomonedas

Criteria applied in this ranking

Criteria: I personally attach great importance to the project offering some innovation, some added value ‚ÄĒyou can find out about it by reading the white paper‚ÄĒ. However,¬† the size of the cryptocurrency’s community, the money supply ‚ÄĒso that you can weight up whether a given cryptocurrency is attractive for mining or not‚ÄĒ, the team of developers behind and their dedication to the project ‚ÄĒfull or partial‚ÄĒ, its country of origin, the exchanges in which it is quoted, whether it is little or very decentralized and, of course, its price-performance ratio so far…. are all good benchmarks when it comes to evaluate and compare them.

Cryptocurrencies by market capitalisation

By market capitalization, that is to say, by the price of the cryptocurrency multiplied by the number of coins in circulation, it is obvious that Bitcoin is still ahead of the curve, without any other coin shadowing it. Ether (Ethereum’s cryptocurrency) is back in the second position, ¬†and Ripple is third, Bitcoin Cash features in fourth position, Litecoin (5th), EOS (6th) and Binance coin¬†(7th). In fact, the second largest group would comprise all the other altcoins except Bitcoin and Ether. Market capitalization¬† also indicates the assets available for the purchase and active sale of cryptocurrencies in exchanges.

  1. Bitcoin Bitcoin, with a market capitalization of around $142,520,106,909
  2. Ethereum Ethereum, with a market capitalization of around $26,643,966,096
  3. XRP XRP, with a market capitalization of around   $17,649,693,244
  4. Bitcoin Cash Bitcoin Cash, with a market capitalization of around   $7,071,407,437
  5. Litecoin Litecoin, with a market capitalization of around   $6,569,571,432
  6. EOS EOS, with a market capitalization of around   $6,285,351,420
  7. Binance Coin Binance Coin, with a market capitalization of around  $4,429,651,223
  8. Bitcoin SV Bitcoin SV, with a market capitalization of around  $4,127,066,751
  9. Tether Tether, with a market capitalization of around  $3,127,671,181
  10. Stellar Stellar, with a market capitalization of around  $2,429,528,729


tot 10 criptomonedas

Starting with the most consolidated cryptos and ending with the not so famous but very promising ones (for a number of reasons):


Ether (ETH)

#1 It is my favorite due to the technology Ethereum it is based on. For many ‚ÄĒincluding myself ‚ÄĒ it is the most robust and innovative platform of the blockchain technology. It still seems to have a lot of room for growth. Within the crypto currencies it is one of the safest bets and the blockchain that offers the most applications with its smart contracts. Giants like Microsoft and JP Morgan are already using Ethereum technology. The most visible reference of Ethereum is Vitalik Buterin, its co-founder. Even though Ripple overtook it by the end of 2017 in terms of market capitalization, if both Ether and Bitcoin are the reference for all other currencies, it is for a reason. Not for nothing, you need ETH or BTC to buy other altcoins. You can buy Ether, Bitcoin or Litecoin on coinbase or Binance. Just click on the links.

Ether coin
ETH Currency, SIlver Collectible

Bitcoin (BTC) 

#2 The early birtd catches the worm. It is the oldest and most widespread crytocurrency in the world. It was the first to use the revolutionary blockchain technology. For this¬† very reason, its price is so high that you’d rather be cautious. It seems to be evolving towards a virtual gold value deposit, so people prefer to keep it rather than to use it to sell and buy goods and services. The fact that you need¬† BTC to buy other altcoins in many exchanges, makes it even stronger. You can buy Ether, Bitcoin or Litecoin on coinbase or Binance. Just click on the links.

Bitcoin Moneda

bitcoin cash

Bitcoin cash (BCH) 

#3¬†One might say it’s an evolution of BTC. The fact that Bitcoin has a limit on the size of the block restricted to 1Mb, implies a high processing time in the transactions, so the fork of the cryptocurrency was created taking the 478558 as the last block of the bitcoin. The new coin would generate its own blocks from this string¬† but with a much larger size (up to 8Mb). You can buy Bitcoin Cash on coinbase or Binance. Just click on the links.

mejores monedas digitales

Ripple (XRP)

#4 It is becoming a modern classic. Last year it reached second position ahead of Ether in market capitalization for a few months. That was due to the agreement of several Japanese and South Korean banks to use it. Although some see it as a betrayal to the blockchain principles, it is designed to work within the current transactions bank system. They also convinced several companies to adopt its technology. It is a cryptocurrency based on free software that pursues the development of a credit system on a peer to peer basis. Ripple nodes make up a local exchange system, so that the whole system works as a decentralized mutual bank. How to buy ripple? You can do it on coinbase or Binance. Just click on the links.

moneda virtual

Litecoin (LTC)

#5 It was the first crypto based on Scrypt, and it is a major bet on Coinbase, the first exchange house of the world. The size of its blocks and number of transactions is much larger compared to Bitcoin. Moreover, the fact that it does not need very sophisticated equipment to mine, favours  its decentralisation. You can buy Ether, Bitcoin or Litecoin on  coinbase or Binance. Just click on the links.


Iota (MIOTA)

#6 Its white paper really blew my mind. A different coin. It is not based on Blockchain, but on DAG (Direct Acyclic Graph) technology; there are no commissions, no miners (you validate each transactions on your own), confirmation times are fast and the number of transactions that the system can handle simultaneously is unlimited. It is specially focused on the internet of things. Some say it is the next generation of decentralized currency. It is very surprising and different from what I have seen so far. In fact,¬† I see it as a very interesting bet in the mid and long term. Iota was founded in 2015 by David S√łnsteb√ł, Sergey Ivancheglo, Dominik Schiener, and Dr. Sergei Popov. If you want to buy IOTA you can do it on Binance.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Cardano.png

Cardano (ADA)

#7 Lo and behold! Here is a blockchain (Cardano) and a third-generation crypto (ADA) quite attractive investment.¬† Its visible leader is Charles Hoskinson, former Ethereum CEO, who has assembled a team of renowned experts in the world of cryptocurrencies.¬† Cardano is a decentralized platform that will allow programmable value transfers in a secure and scalable way ‚ÄĒboth horizontally and vertically‚ÄĒ. Cardano is one of the first blockchains based on the Haskell high security programming language. Its currency is called ADA. Cardano aims to solve 3 problems: sclabilidad ‚ÄĒhow many transactions per second the platform can perform‚ÄĒ, sustainability ‚ÄĒwhich has to do with the resources and energy used for its operation‚ÄĒ and interpolarity ‚ÄĒwhich has to do with the compatibility between different chains of blocks.

While Bitcoin uses Proof of Work to create new blocks, Cardano resorts to  Proof of Stake. You can buy ADA (the cardano crypto) on Binance.


Monero  (XMR)

#8 It is the open source crypto currency that offers the most protection and privacy, which is why it has often been linked to illicit operations. But as Sissela Bok put it: “While all deception requires secrecy, all secrecy is not meant to deceive”. Either way,¬† it is one of those currencies that makes a difference with its added value. Created in April 2014, it focuses on privacy, decentralization, as well as scalability. Unlike many cryptocurrencies derived from Bitcoin, Monero is based on the CryptoNote protocol and ‚ÄĒ without going into technicalities ‚ÄĒ features an algorithm that makes blockchain obscuration possible. ¬†Monero benefits from continued support from its community. You can get it on Kraken or Binance.


Pascalcoin (PASC)

#9 It is certainly one of my favourites.  Based on an innovative idea in the crypto environment, Pacalcoin is pioneering a new level of scalability adapted for adoption on a global scale. It was the first cryptocurrency to break the barrier of 100 transactions per second. Pay close attention to its amazing Safebox, an unparalleled tecnology that makes the blockchain way lighter. If you want to learn more about Pascalcoin, visit Pascalcoin, an awesome crypto with a bright future. You can buy Pascalcoin on Poloniex.


Quantum (QAU)

#10¬†Here is a cryptocurrency of Chinese origin that incorporates a significant added value, which is the reason why it has attracted many investors. It advocates “transparency” and “good governance”. With the support of the Chinese government, it looks like it is going to be listed on coinone. ¬†Qtum’s proposal is to execute smart contracts on the blockchain in an easy, user friendly way. As Leonardo da Vinci put it, “simplicity is the ultimate sophistication”. The team behind published its technical whitepaper ‚ÄĒwhich, by the way, not all cryptocurrency projects have done‚ÄĒ, and is committed to creating a globally influential open source community by cooperating with other blockchain communities, third-party developers, as well as betting on technical innovations. You can purchase Quantums on Binance.


Honourable mentions

No ranking would be complete without mentioning some other cryptos that deserve to feature among the best ones due to its added value, the team behind or its novelty. So here they are!

moneda digital

Dash (DASH)

Probably somewhat underestimated, it seems to have a great potential as a bargaining chip, since it has a simple interface and transactions are almost instantaneous. It is totally anonymous ‚ÄĒtransactions made with Dash are not recorded. ¬†Along with Monero, this is an interesting crypto for those looking for more privacy. You can buy Dash on Binance.


Iconomi (ICN)

It is a Cryptocurrency of Slovenian origin.  It is a different project in that it is the first to distribute dividends among the holders of its token, so you can earn in two ways: 1. having Iconomi and 2. with the periodic distribution of dividends (by the way, it is paid in Ethereums). It will probably work in a similar way as an investment fund does. For all that, it is a project that stands out from the crowd. You can buy Iconomis on Binance.

mejores criptodivisas

Tron (TRX)

Based on the Ethereum blockchain, it offers full user control. It has been listed on the YoBit exchange house and integrated in Gifto (a protocol focused on virtual gifts). Last year it grew over 700%. You can buy Trons on Binance.


Octanox (OTX)

A new kid on the block…chain. Right now you can only buy it on coinmarketcap, though, as far as I am aware, there is also an imminent agreement with Yobit and some talks going on with Bittrex . It intends to be a decentralized exchange and expand to other sectors such as mobile games. Surprisingly enough, an Indonesian group bought a lot of OTX from the ICO (Initial Currency Offering). To be honest, this currency has me a little out of place. We’ll have to wait and see what direction the wind winds. Yes, the cryptocurrencies market is swings and roundabouts, but I’d recommend you keep an eye on Octanox It may cause quite a stir in the near future. You can buy Octanox on Binance.


Maidsafe (MAID)

A crypto currency that, as bold as brass, aims to change the Internet from its same structure, putting an end to the monopoly of data ‚ÄĒand of our information‚ÄĒ by big corporations. So far, Maidsafe has gone unnoticed. Its goal is very ambitious, maybe it wants to bite off more than it can chew.¬† Anyway, just moving further in this direction, would be an awesome breakthrough.


Lisk (LSK)

They have reached an agreement with Microsoft and their initial offer drew a lot of attention and investment. At the moment, it seems that the evolution of its¬† price is falling short of the expectations raised, but we’ll have to be on the ball sincedeep pockets are backing it. You can buy Lisk on Binance.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Binance-coin.png

Binance coin

It is a surprisingly consistent utility token, which means its value comes from how useful it is (and how much demand there is for its utility) within the Binance ecosystem. Brendan Eich, the founder, helped create Javascript and is a co-founder of Mozilla Firefox. You can get Binance coin on Binance.


A Proof-of-Work (PoW)  protocol is a measure to deter denial of service attacks and other service abuses such as spam on a network by requiring some work from the service requester, typically processing time by a computer.

Proof of Stake (PoS) means that a person can extract or validate block transactions based on how many coins they have, i.e., the more cryptocurrencies a miner has, the more power they have.


Marcel Solé · Financial translator, trainer and Blockchain enthusiast

I hope you found this post interesting.


Speaking in tongues by Ella Frances

An illustrated compendium of untranslatable expressions

Yesterday I bought this book by Ella Frances Sanders and I just can’t stop reading it. It was love at first sight and I was not wrong: I’m enjoying each and every page of this surprising, beautiful and engaging¬† work.

Curious expressions from around the world

If you are a translator, a linguist, or you simply enjoy the intricacies of language, I bet you’ll love it too. In this book you’ll discover lots of hidden treasures from all over the world waiting to be found and¬† over 50 beautiful ink illustrations that will make you smile and dream. It’s a quick enough read and makes the perfect gift for¬†word nerds.¬†¬†It is¬†a charming collection of¬† drawings featuring quaint and funny expressions that have no direct translation into other languages, most of them quite surprising, hilarious or even shocking.¬†¬†Each phrase receives a two-page spread. On the right hand side, the author provides the phrase in its original language along with its translation‚ÄĒboth of which are superimposed on the illustration. On the left hand side, Sanders interprets the expression‚Äôs meaning. Furthermore, the author gives context, history, the equivalent in different countries, if any, and takes notice that some of them are not true to facts. It’s no wonder it has become an international bestseller!

Most of the expressions in the book are idioms ‚ÄĒwith a figurative¬† and often surrealistic meaning‚ÄĒ showing the quirky ways people¬† express themselves in different languages and cultures*, yet some of them are interjections which convey emotions in an astonishing and exclamatory way. The title of the book itself is a sort of idiom: speaking in tongues or¬†Glossolalia is a phenomenon in which people speak in languages unknown to them.

*In Romanian, ‚Äė√ģl¬†scoŇ£i din pepeni‚Äô, (literally, ‚ÄėTo pull someone out of their watermelons‚Äô) is to drive someone crazy, a bit nuts. In French ‚ÄėJ’ai le cafard‚Äô (literally, ‚ÄėI have the¬† cockroach‚Äô) means “(to) feel blue”, that is to say (to) feel sad, somber, or glum.

As for the author, her bio reads “Ella Frances Sanders is a writer out of necessity and an illustrator by accident. She currently lives and works in Bath, UK. Her first book,¬†Lost in Translation – An Illustrated Compendium of Untranslatable Words¬†is an international bestseller, and her second book¬†The Illustrated Book of Sayings – Curious Expressions from Around the World¬†was published in September 2016″.

So, without further ado, here are the covers and back cover:

English version

Click on the pictures for further information.

Spanish version


Clica en la imagen para más información

French version

Pour obtenir de plus amples informations, veuillez cliquer sur la photo


The illustrated book of sayings

A charming illustrated collection of more than fifty expressions from around the globe that explores the nuances of language

Lost in Translation Note Cards: Untranslatable Words from Around the World 

Collection of note cards featuring illustrations of phrases and words from around the globe with no English equivalent‚ÄĒthe perfect gift for word nerds and aspiring travelers of all stripes.

Recommended book

translators through history
This account of how they have contributed to the development of languages, the emergence of literatures, the dissemination of knowledge and the spread of values tells the story of world culture itself.

If we ruled the world: an awesome workshop

The World Game

Last Saturday I was happy enough to attend an amazing workshop in  Barcelona under the wing of IAM, which is an alternative think-tank community exploring the evolution of internet cultures and the future influence of digital technologies.

To be honest, at first I was pretty clueless about the event and how it worked, but since I am really fond of foresight science ‚ÄĒor, if you like, futures studies or prospective science‚ÄĒ I decided to give it a chance and, in the end, it was far beyond my initial expectations. It was indeed one of the best workshops I have ever attended.

Foresight studies involve critical thinking regarding long-term developments, speculation about future trends and interdisciplinary debates. Forecasting, forward thinking, strategic analysis and networking are key components of this relatively new discipline. In the last decade, scenario methods have become widely used in some European countries in policy-making.

Soon I found out that it was an update of Buckminster Fuller‘s World Game¬†first proposed in 1961 for the era of global finance, statecraft, big data, climate change and mass migration. Fuller was¬†a 20th century inventor and visionary and one of the pioneers of foresight science. His ideas¬†continue to influence new generations of scientists, economists, designers, architects, and artists all over the world working to create a sustainable planet.

The session, organized by¬†Phi Collective, was masterfully conducted by Aliaksandra Smirnova, who managed to boost engagement and creativity ‚ÄĒeven though it was on a Saturday morning‚ÄĒ and turned the workshop into an exciting and inspiring experience.

During the session, participants learned to identify future trends and imagine upcoming scenarios, so that we could figure out possible solutions to tomorrow’s challenges, such as climate change,¬†floods, droughts, climate refugees, housing, logistics, big data…

It is amazing what synergies between people from different disciplines can achieve. It really works wonders! The workshop was very well though-out, implemented in a very productive way , the training material was wonderfully designed, and again,  it was conducted in both an engaging and professional way. This magnificent workshop was designed by Calum Bowden and Aliaksandra Smirnova.

I strongly recommend that all universities, secondary schools, companies, international and government bodies organize the world game. No doubt about it. It is an astonishing, productive and enjoyable experience. Furthermore, It can be applied to many areas and case scenarios. It definitely ranks among the best events I have ever attended.

Recommended Posts:

Wörgl: the mirace of a local currency
Blockchain and cryptocurrencies glossaries
The blockchain and us
Pascalcoin: an awesome crypto
Most expensive and cheapest countries in Europe
How can we avoid the next financial meltdown?
The European debt crisis
Most useful languages according to the World Economic Forum

Top 10 “Weirdest” words in the world

World’s Weirdest words

“Very¬†strange¬†and¬†unusual,¬†unexpected, or not¬†natural”… This is the definition that the Cambridge Dictionary provides for Weird. It goes without saying that I could have¬† given this post a different title: “Top rarest words”, or “Unusual words”,¬† or even “Most wonderful words in the world”, since some of them strike me as little works of art. Be that as it may, the following words feature among the most curious, odd, original or funny ones in the world.¬† The reasons why I have ranked them among the top 10 are varied: from its meaning and its sonority to the way they were formed and its originality. You will also find some honorable mentions at the end of this post. I’m sure you know more interesting words in other languages worthy of featuring in this post, so please feel free to share them in the comments box below.

weird words


Language: Yiddish. Incorporated into English language.
Phonetic transcription:¬†(/ňąh ätsp…ô, ňąx ät-/)
Origin/Etymology:¬†It derives from the Hebrew word Šł•utsp√Ę (◊ó÷Ľ◊¶÷į◊§÷ł÷ľ◊Ē)
Meaning: to be extremely cheeky, impertinent beyound belief.


Language: Spanish (Spain)
Phonetic transcription:¬†Õ° ß i Õ° ß i n a ő≤Őě o (AFI)
Origin/Etymology: from De chicha (spirits) and nabo (turnip)
Meaning: third-rate, valueless, inferior, very poor quality. The word turnip usually has sexual connotations in Spanish. Even in Spanish, It sounds funny and playful.


karoshi (ťĀéŚäīś≠Ľ)

Language: Japanese
Phonetic transcription: /kaňąr…ô ä Éi/
Origin/Etymology:¬† from ťĀéŚäī (karŇć, ‚Äúoverwork‚ÄĚ) + ś≠Ľ (shi, ‚Äúdeath‚ÄĚ).
Meaning: death caused by overwork or job-related exhaustion.

weird words


Language: German
Phonetic transcription:¬† /ňą É…Ďňźd…ônfr…Ē…™d…ô/
Origin/Etymology: from¬†Schaden, “damage, harm”, and¬†Freude, “joy”.
Meaning: taking delight in the misfortune of others



Language: Scottish_Gaelic
Phonetic transcription:¬†/ňąsk ≤imi…ę…ô…ĺ ≤…ôxk/
Alternative form: sgimilearachd
Origin/Etymology: sgimilear (intruder) + -achd
Meaning: the habit of dropping in at mealtimes. To drop in means call informally and briefly as a visitor.

weirdiest words

(to) Ape

Language: English
Phonetic transcription: /eɪp/
Origin/Etymology:¬†From Middle English ape, from Old English apa (‚Äúape, monkey‚ÄĚ), from Proto-Germanic *ap√ī (‚Äúmonkey, ape‚ÄĚ),
Meaning: to imitate or mimic, particularly to imitate poorly. (v., transitive)


Language: English
Origin/Etymology: from Latin arachis (‚Äúpeanut‚ÄĚ) + butyrum (‚Äúbutter‚ÄĚ) +‚Äé -phobia.
Meaning: to have a morbid fear of peanut butter sticking to the roof of your mouth

Pana Po¬īo

Pana Po¬īo

Language: Hawaiian
Meaning: to scratch one’s head while trying to remember something.


Language: Spanish
Phonetic transcription:¬†m aŐÉ m p o r e …ĺ o (AFI)
Origin/Etymology: from mamporro (a blow) + ero (suffix)
Meaning:¬†Person who helps horses when breeding, by placing the colt’s member into the mare’s pudenda.



Language: German
Phonetic transcription: /ʃʊlt/
Origin/Etymology: from Old High German sculd, from Proto-Germanic skuldiz.
Meaning: Schuld means debt, but, fancy that! It is also a synonym for guilt.

+10 Honorable mentions

Needless to say, there are thousands of weird or curious words which deserve to feature in this ranking. The following are just a few examples. Again, feel free to contribute with any word you deem weird, curious or interesting:

TARTLE (Scottish Gaelic): that moment before you introduce someone and you suddenly forget their name.

D√ČPAYSANT¬†(French)¬†the feeling you get when you‚Äôre in a new place and experiencing very new things that make you feel foreign, like a fish out of water.

KERFUFFLE (British English): to make a fuss or a bother, usually when people have different points of view.

TOCAYO (Spanish) A person who shares your first name.

TSUNDOKU (Japanese): it really means a book only intended to put it on the shelf and never read it

CAFUN√Č (Brazilian Portuguese): delicately running one‚Äôs fingers through someone‚Äôs hair

CAPICUA (Catalan). Literally “head-and-tail”: number, word, phrase, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward as forward. Spanish borrowed the Catalan word, so “capic√ļa” (with an accent) is also a Spanish word.

FL√āNER (French):¬†¬†to wander with no particular destination

MENCOLEK (indonesian): the act of tapping someone on the shoulder to fool them into thinking someone is on the other side

HULLABALLOO (English) loud noises and yelling that people make when they’re angry.

Etymology of “Stock Exchange”

Origins of the Stock Exchange

The stock exchange is a place where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as stocks or shares, bonds and other financial instruments.

There is no consensus on the place where corporate stocks were first traded. Some see the key event in the founding of the Dutch East India Company, while others claim that a share market existed as far back as ancient Rome. In any case, Amsterdam Stock Exchange was established in 1602 by the Dutch East India Company.

first stock exchange
Frankfurt Stock Exchange, Germany

However, the Frankfurt Stock Exchange (in German, Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse), established in 1585,seems to be the oldest stock exchange in Europe. As for the  London Royal Exchange, it was inaugurated by Elizabeth I in 1571. The New York Stock Exchange was set up in 1792.


stock market
City of London: Mansion House, by Chris Downer

Alternative names for Stock Exchange are securities exchange or bourse.

Etymology of “Stock Exchange”

It is made up by two words: stock and exchange.¬†Let’s see them separately:

Etymology of “Stock”

The original Stock Market  was a fish and meat market in the City of London near Mansion House. It was so called probably because it was located in the same site of a former stocks (which were large wooden blocks for punishment used in the early 14th  century).

etymology stock market
Punishment wooden stocks photograph by BabelStone

Etymology of “Exchange”

To exhange is the act “of giving one thing and receiving another in return”. It stems from Anglo-French eschaunge, Old French eschange (Modern French √©change), from Late Latin excambium, from excambiare, and ultimately from Latin ex “out”+ cambire “barter”.

Stock exchange


origin of the Stock exchange
Royal exchange, London

Difference between Stock Market and Stock Exchange

Although often used interchangeably, they are not exactly the same. The stock market is the facility where the buyers and sellers meet to buy and sell securities, whereas  the Stock Exchange is the entity  that provides a system for trading stocks and manages services such as the listing of stocks in the stock exchange.

10 Biggest Stock Exchanges by market capitalization 

  1. New York Stock Exchange, United States
  2. NASDAQ, United States
  3. London Stock Exchange Group, United Kingdom
  4. Japan Exchange Group, Japan
  5. Shanghai Stock Exchange, China
  6. Hong Kong Stock Exchange, Hong Kong (SAR China)
  7. Euronext, United Kingdom, Belgium, Portugal, France, and the Netherlands
  8. Shenzhen Stock Exchange, China
  9. TMX Group, Canada
  10. Deutsche Borse AG, Germany

Stock exchange in other languages

Arabic:¬†ō™ōĮōßŔąŔĄ ōßŔĄōßō≥ŔáŔÖ (tadawul al’ashum)
Basque: Burtsa
Catalan: Borsa
Chinese (Mandarin):¬†Ťā°Á•®šļ§śėď(g«Ēpi√†o jińĀoy√¨)
Danish: B√łrs
Dutch: Beurs
Esperanto: Borso
French: Bourse f; marché m financier
Galician: Bolsa de valores
German: Börse
Hungarian: TŇĎzsde
Italian: Borsa valori
Irish: Stocmhalart√°n
Korean:¬†ž¶ĚÍ∂Ć ÍĪįŽěėžÜĆ(jeung-gwon geolaeso)
Latin: stock commutationem
Polish:¬†GieŇāda Papier√≥w WartoŇõciowych
Portuguese: Bolsa de Valores
Russian:¬†—Ą–ĺ–Ĺ–ī–ĺ–≤–į—Ź –Ī–ł—Ä–∂–į(fondovaya birzha)
Spanish: Bolsa; Mercado de valores
Swahili: soko la hisa
Turkish: Borsa

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Best Motivational Videos for Entrepreneurs

Motivational videos for Entrepreneurs

Fail early, fail often, but always fail forward!

Here is a selection of my favorite inspirational videos for entrepreneurs, for those who don’t just aspire to make a living, but to make a difference, to add value, to fulfill their potential and make their dreams come true… for those who don’t give up.

Some of the following videos really nail it, some touch a sore spot: that moment when our blood runs cold, maybe because of a low self-esteem, fear of failure, fear of getting our fingers burnt… However, as Rudyard Kipling put it in his famous poem “If”: “If you can meet with triumph and disaster¬† and treat those impostors just the same…“. So don’t overestimate success nor underestimate the lessons we learn from failure. In my opinion, success is just¬† a statistical fact. Long term success only comes after many short term failures. The key is not giving up and keep¬† stubbornly going¬† forward, towards your vision; in one word:¬†resilience.

Those who make it are neither smarter or more educated than you; some of them have humble beginnings, some of them were even broke when they started their “impossible”dream. They failed over and over again before making it possible, and it goes without saying that they didn’t like failing . But guess what? Every cloud has a silver lining and failure is often a blessing in disguise (that moment when you realize that you can offer a solution to that same problem that previously sent you to hell in a handbasket).

Right now, the only difference between you and them is just that they were determined to reach their goal, they were committed to their vision. If you have a dream, if you have a vision, if you believe in your business idea but you get cold feet just before making the first step, let me give you a little nudge to change your mindset and start building your dream:

“Most people don’t reach their dream not because of failure, but because they give up”. That’s how this inspirational video begins.

Life is too short and our dreams too wonderful to let fear make big decisions for us, but most people do.

At the end of the day, if your dreams are aligned with your values, and personal ethics; if you can make your life and that of the ones surrounding you better, just… go for it!

Inspiring entrepreneur quotes:

The entrepreneur is a doer, not a dreamer ~ Nola Bushnell.

The secret of getting ahead is getting started ~ Mark Twain.

Entrepreneurship is living a few years of your life like most people don’t, so that you can spend the rest of your life like most people can’t.

Impossible only means that you haven’t found the solution yet.

The best way to predict the future is to create it.

Sell the problem you solve, not the product.

Chase the vision, not the money. The money will end up following you ~  Tony Hsieh

Do what you love and you’ll never work a day in your life.

Only those who will risk going too far can possibly find out  how far one can go ~ T.S. Eliot



… And some inspirational poems…

Henry Charles Bukowski wrote this magnificent poem: Go all the way, which along with the poem If by Rudyard Kipling is one of the best examples of motivational literature I have ever had the pleasure to read. You can now enjoy both on video. So take a deep breath and  get carried away.

Charles Bukowski German-born American poet, novelist, and short story writer: Go all the way

Rudyard Kipling , English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist: If

In English with Spanish subtitles

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I wish you liked “Best motivational videos for entrepreneurs”

Variants, dialects and accents of English

Variants, dialects and accents of the English language

English is nowadays the global lingua franca and the third most-spoken native language in the world (the top 10¬† languages in the world by number of native speakers are: 1. Mandarin Chinese 2. Spanish 3. English 4. Hindi 5. Arabic 6.French 7. Portuguese 8. Bengali 9. Russian and 10. Indonesian). As Bill Bryson puts it in his memorable book The mother tongue, it is a an irony that “a language that was treated for centuries as the inadequate and second-rate tongue of peasants, should one day become the most important and successful language in the world”

As you may know, English is not a uniform language, by a long shot.¬† From cockney to received pronunciation,¬† from Jamaican English to¬† Canadian English and, of course, from the so-called “British English” to “American English”, there are countless examples of local variants, dialects and accents.

But first of all we must make clear what a variant, a dialect and an accent are:

  • A variant is a¬†specific form of a language used in a¬†culture, for example English is a language, and English as used in the USA is a language variant.
  • A dialect is¬†a form of a language spoken in a particular part of a country, containing some different words and grammar.
  • An accent is¬†the way in which people living in or from a particular region or social group pronounce words.

I’ve thought that the best way, or, if you like, the most¬† straightforward way of understanding such differences and variations is by watching the following videos offered by some awesome native speakers:

acentos en inglés


British English


Standard British English 

Standard British English (often associated with British English and the Received Pronunciation) refers to the dialect of English language that is used as the national norm in a British country, especially as the language for public and formal usage. grammar and vocabulary. Abbreviation: BrE, UK

3 minutes to a proper British accent with U of A“.

Received Pronunciation (RP)

Other names: RP,¬† BBC Pronunciation, the Queen’s English.

Received Pronunciation is an accent, not a dialect, since all RP speakers¬† are supposed to speak standard English.¬† According to the Concise Oxford English Dictionary, RP is the “standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England”. However,h it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales, since it is identified¬† not so much with a particular region as with a particular social group (mostly upper and upper middle class).

Cockney (London)

Area: London ( East End are Bethnal Green, Whitechapel, Spitalfields, Stepney, Wapping, Limehouse, Poplar, Clerkenwell, Aldgate, Shoreditch, Millwall, Cubitt Town, Hackney, Hoxton, Bow and Mile End.)

Aly Williams.  Youtube Channel: Learn English with Papa Teach Me

Brummie (Birmingham)

Region: Birmingham, England.
Number of speakers: 3.7 million

Joel and Lia Youtube channel

Picky Blinders’ Cillian Murphy and Helen McCrory on brummie accent¬† (minute 03: 50)

…Even Picky Blinder’s creator, Steven Knight,¬† admitted that Birmingham’s accent is “very difficult to get right”.

Scouse (Liverpool)

Region: Merseyside, England.

English like a native Youtube Channel

Liverpool fc Youtube channel


Region: Newcastle, South Northumberland, Tyneside

Graham Oakes’ Youtube channel

Yorkshire accent

Region: Yorkshire, England
Alternative names: Broad Yorkshire, Tyke, Yorkie, or Yorkshire English

Go to Harrison Fletcher’s Youtube Channel

Scottish English

Region: Scotland
Alternative names: Scottish Standard English or Standard Scottish English (SSE).

Youtube Channel: Beauty Creep

Irish English

Alternative names: Hiberno-English
Region: Republic of Ireland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Number of speakers: 4.3 million

American English (Standard)

Region: United States of America
Number of speakers: 225 million
Abbreviations: AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US
Alternative names: United States English or U.S. English
Varieties: Eastern New England, New York City, South, North, Midland, West

US map United States map


Youtube Channel:  Pronunciation Pro

American English accents

Fun tour of American accents by Amy Walker, actress, singer and accent chameleon:

Youtube channel: Amy Walker

New England (Connecticut) Accent

Youtube channel: Electric Ryan

New videos coming soon.

Canadian English

Region: Canada
Abbreviations: CanE, CE, en-CA
Native speakers: 19,4 million

 Youtube Channel: Like a Native Speaker

Australian English (Aussie English)

Region: Australia
Native speakers: 16,5 million
Abbreviation: AuE; en-AU)

Youtube channel: Tabloid Junk

New Zealand English

Region: New Zealand
Abbreviation: (NZE)
Number of speakers: 3.8 million

Amy Walker’s Youtube channel

Gibraltarian English

Region: Gibraltar, Iberian Peninsula, Europe.
Abbreviation: GibE

Nigerian English

Region:Nigeria, Africa
Number of speakers: approximately 150 million


Youtube channel:  Adefolake

Jamaican English

Region: Jamaica, Caribbean Sea, America
Number of speakers: 2,890,000

Indian English

Region: India, Asia
Abbreviations: IndE, IE
Number of speakers: around 10% of its population (125 million people) speak English, second only to the USA and expected to quadruple in the next decade! English is also the co-official language of the Indian government.

So… who knows? Maybe we’ll all end up speaking the Indian English variant!
By the way, here is one of the funniest videos about English variants I have ever seen, so enjoy it!

 Youtube Channel: Dyaus Prithivi

One thing is for sure: they have a great sense of humor ūüôā


So, as you can see, English language differs greatly from one variant or dialect to another. Robert Burchfield,¬†a New Zealander lexicographer, scholar, and writer, even asserted that American English and British English were drifting away so rapidly that within two centuries both nations won’t be able to understand each other. Whether it is true or not, it remains to be seen. It is my belief that¬† platforms such as Netflix or HBO, will play an important role regarding this issue.

Perfect English Pronunciation (British English)

Trainer: Anthony Kelleher

Learn every single English sound from a native British speaker to take your accent and pronunciation to the next level



Perfect English Pronunciation Practice (American English)

Make yourself better understood in English when you learn & practice how to pronounce 12 tricky English consonant sounds



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